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香料历史悠久,可追溯到五千年前的皇帝神农时代,早有采集植物作为医药用品来驱疫避秽。当时人类对植物中挥发出的香气已很重视,闻到百花盛开的芳香时,同时感受到美感和香气快感;将花、果实、树脂等芳香物质奉献给神,芬芳四溢而达到完美的宗教境界。因此,上古时代就把这些有香物质作为敬神明、祭祀、清净身心和丧葬之用,后来逐渐用于饮食、装饰和美容上。在夏商周三代,对香粉胭脂就有记载,张华博载“纣烧铅锡作粉”,中华古今注也提及“胭脂起于纣”,久云,“自三代以铅为粉,秦穆公女美玉有容,德感仙人,肖史为烧水银作粉与涂,亦名飞云丹,传以笛曲终而上升”,可见脂粉一类产品早在三代已使用。春秋以后,宫粉胭脂在民间妇女中也开始使用。阿房宫赋中描写宫女们消耗化妆品用量之巨,令人叹为观止。“齐民记要”记有胭脂,面粉,兰膏与磨膏的配制方法。

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2008-06-20 回答
Expects the history to be glorious, may trace before five millenniums Emperor the Shen Nong time, has the gathering plant to drive the epidemic disease early as the medical supplies to evade filthily. At that time the humanity the fragrance which volatilized to the plant in has taken seriously very much, when smells a hundred flowers in full bloom fragrant, simultaneously feels the esthetic sense and the fragrance pleasant sensation; Will spend, the fruit, the resin and so on aromatic compound to offer gives the god, fragrant four overflow achieves the perfect religious boundary. Therefore, the antiquity time has these the fragrant material achievement to respect the gods, the sacrificial offering, the pure body and mind and funeral, afterward used in gradually the diet, the decoration and the cosmetology. In Xia Shang the generation, has the record on Wednesday to the face powder rouge, Zhang Huabo carries “Chou to burn the alloy of lead and tin to make the powder”, the Chinese ancient and modern note also mentions “the rouge to result from Chou”, the long cloud, “from three generations take the lead as the powder, the Qin Mugong female beautiful jade possesses forbearance, the German feeling immortal, Xiao Shiwei burns the mercury to make the powder with to spread, also famous scud Dan, passes on by the flute tune rises finally”, obviously a powder kind of product as early as has used in three generations. After Spring and Autumn Period, the face powder rouge also starts in the folk woman to use. The Epang Palace palace bestows on describes the palace maids to consume greatness the cosmetics amount used, makes one praise to the heavens. “the common people summary” records has the rouge, the bread flour, blue paste and paste configuration method.