How the Soviet Elite Lives的译文

The kremlin itself is enormously imposing. But Moscow has no official residence to match the White House. Soviet leaders put greater stock in their country dachas than in their intown apartment residences. Brezhnev occupics one floor in the rear wing of a heavy old nine-story apartment building at 26 Kutuzovsky Prospeckt; Secret Police Chief Yuri Andropov and Internal Security Minister Nikolai Shchelokov are on the floors above and below. Kosygin has the most enviable intown location: a modern apartment building perched on Lenin Hills, overlooking downtown Moscow from across the Moscow River. Podgorny lives in a tall, well-kept, yellow brick apartment house on Aleksei Tolstoy Street. There are several other important intown areas for the political elite and Moscow party apparatus.
  But it is the interiors that dazzle less exalted Russians. An actress with friends in the moscow power hierarchy told me she was astonished to see their kitchens equipped with built-in cabinets, Formica-topped counters, and Kuppersbusch West German stoves and refrigerators, and living rooms furished tastefully in Finnish modern, bought at discounts and inported duty-free. The equipment was so much fancier than anything normally available on the Societ market, she said, that mechanics had to be sent to West Germany to be specially trained to install and maintain the kitchens of the elite.
  Not only the gadgetry, but the luxury of living one to a bedroom and not having to sleep in the living room impresses other Russians. A graduate student whom I knew frequently visited the family of General Aleksei Mikoyan, a well-established son of longtime politburo member Aleksei Mikoyan, and was awed by their expensive, seven-room apartment (not counting kitchen and baths) at Govement House. He made it sound like the best of Park Avenue: private rooms for everying in the family, a study, living room, and a dining rooms spacious enough to accommodate a grand pinao once played by Van Cilburn, an unthinkably luxurious use of space for 99 percent of the population. Even the ceilings in the flat struck him as almost indecently high, just as most Societ apartment ceilings strike Westerners as uncomfortably low. He was unusual in catching a glimpse of how they lived, because not many Russians see behind the curtain of privacy that the privileged class draws around itself.

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2008-01-15 回答
克里姆林宫本身确实雄伟壮观,但莫斯科的官邸却无法与白宫相媲美。苏联领导人喜欢乡间别墅胜过市内的公寓。勃列日涅夫居住在库图佐夫大街二十六号一座旧式的九层公寓大楼的右侧,占了一层楼;在他的房子上面住着秘密警察的头子龙•安德罗波夫,下面住的是内政部长尼•谢罗科夫。柯西金住在一栋建在列宁山上的现代公寓里,从那里可以俯瞰莫斯科河另一边的商业区,这是最令人羡慕的市中心住宅。波德戈尔内住在托尔斯泰街大街一栋高大而保存最为完好的黄色砖房公寓中。市内还有其他几处重要地区供政治显要和莫斯科市委领导居住。
但使普通苏联人眼光缭乱的却是公寓的内部装饰。一位熟知莫斯科统治集团的女演员告诉我,她惊讶地看到,这些人的厨房里配备内置式橱柜,塑料贴面的柜台,以及西德库伯斯布施公司的炉灶和冰箱,起居室的陈设很典雅,具有现代芬兰派的风格,这些家具都是折扣的和免税的进口商品。她说设备都非常新奇,在苏联市场上根本见不到,因为要安装和维修这些新贵的厨房,就得派技工到西德去接受特殊训练。
给普通苏联人留下印象的不仅仅是各种新式装置和陈设,而且还在一房间的宽敞:他们往往一人有一间房,这样就不用睡在起居室里了。我认识一个研究生,他经常到老牌政治局委员米高扬的颇有名望的儿子阿•米高扬将军家里做客,他们家在政府官邸的七间一套的房子里(不包括厨房和浴室)这让他很是敬畏。他把它描绘得像美国纽约派克大街上的最好住宅,除家里人每人一间房子外,还有一间书房、一件起居室以及一间能够足以放置下一台范•克林布恩弹过的钢琴的饭厅。对于百分之九十九的苏联人来说,这种宽敞的奢侈程度是不可想象的。。房间之高也是她为之侧目,正像西方人对大多数苏联房子的天花板矮得不舒服感到惊讶一样。他们看到这些人的生活情况是不容易的,因为冲破特权阶级的圈子,看到他们的生活情况的苏联人并不多。

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2008-01-15 回答
克里姆林宫极大地强加。 但是莫斯科没有匹配的官邸白宫。 苏联领导在他们的国家别墅投入了更加伟大的股票比他们的intown公寓住所的。 勃列日涅夫occupics在一个重的老九层公寓的后方翼的一个地板在26 Kutuzovsky Prospeckt的; 秘密警察首要Yuri ・安德罗波夫和内部安全大臣尼古拉Shchelokov是在地板上在上下。 柯西金有最令人羡慕的intown地点: 一个现代公寓在列宁小山栖息,俯视街市莫斯科从莫斯科河。 波德戈尔内在Aleksei Tolstoy街道的一个高,保管妥当,黄色砖公寓住。 有政治精华和莫斯科党用具的几个其他重要intown区域。
But它是使较不高尚的俄国人目炫的内部。 有朋友的一位女演员莫斯科力量阶层的告诉了我她惊奇看他们的厨房装备固定内阁、胶木被冠上的柜台和Kuppersbusch西德火炉和雅致地furished在芬兰现代,被买在折扣和inported的冰箱和客厅免税。 设备比任何通常提供在Societ市场上非常是爱好者,她说,机械工必须派遣到特别地被训练的西德安装和维护精华的厨房。
不仅小玩意儿,但是豪华居住的一个对卧室和没有必须在客厅睡觉打动其他俄国人。 我认识的一名研究生常常地拜访了Aleksei Mikoyan,长期政治局委员Aleksei Mikoyan的一个源远流长的儿子将军家庭和由他们昂贵,七室公寓敬畏(不计数厨房和浴)在Govement议院。 他做它听起来公园大道最好: everying的在家庭,研究,客厅私有房间,和足够宽敞的饭厅容纳一盛大pinao由范・ Cilburn,对人口的99%的空间的一个难以想象豪华用途曾经使用了。 在舱内甲板的天花板碰撞他一样几乎猥亵地高,正多数Societ公寓天花板碰撞西方人难受地低。 他是异常的在瞥见他们怎么居住,因为并非许多俄国人在特许的类在本身附近画保密性之后的帷幕看见。