One evening in February 2007 . a student named Paula Ceely brought her car to a stop on a remote in Wales . She got out to open a metal gate that blocked her path . That's when she heard the whistle sounded by the driver of a train.Her Renault Clio parked across a railway line. Second later,she watched the train drag her car almost a kilometre down the railway tracks.
Ceely's near miss made the news because she blamed it on her GPS device(导航仪).She had never driven the route before .It was dark and raining heavily . Ceely was relying on her GPS. But it made no mention of the crossing ."I put my complete trust in the device and it led me right into the path of a speeding train ,"she told the BBC.
W ho is to blame here ? Rick Stevenson ,who tells Ceely's story in his book When Machines Fail US, finger at the limitations of technology. We put our faith in digital devices, he says,
but our digital helpers are too often not up to the job. They are filled with small problems. And it’s not just GPS devices: Stevenson takes us on a tour of digital disasters involving everything from mobile phones to wireless key boards.
The problem with his argument in the book is that it’s not clear why he only focuses digital technology,while there may be a number of other possible causes. A map-maker might have left the crossing off a paper map. Maybe we should blame Ceely for not paying attention. perhaps the railway authorities are at fault for poor signaling system. Or maybe someone has studied the relative dangers and worked out that there really is something specific wrong with the CPS equipment. But Stevenson doesn’t say.
It’s a problem that runs through the book. In a section on cars, Stevenson gives an accout of the advanced techniques that criminals use to defeat computer-based locking systems for cars. He offers two independent sets of figures on car theft; both show a small rise in some parts of the country. He says that once once again not all new locks have proved reliable. Perhaps, but maybe it’s also due to the shortage of policemen on the streets. Or changing social circumstances. Or some combination of these factors .
The game between humans and their smart devices is complex. It is shaped by economics and psychology and the cultures we live in. Somewhere in the mix of those forces there may be way a wiser use of technology.
If there is such a way, it should involve more than just an awareness of the shortcomings of our machines. After all, we have lived with them for thousands of years. They have probably been fooling us for just as long . 一天晚上，于2007年2月。名为保学生Ceely带来了她的车停了下来，在威尔士的一个偏远。她下了车，打开金属门，挡住了她的路径。这时候，她听到哨声响起一个train.Her雷诺Clio停跨越铁路线的驱动程序。秒钟后，她看着火车的铁路路轨拖累她的车几乎一公里。 Ceely的附近小姐的消息，因为她指责她的GPS设备上（导航仪），她从来没有驱动的路线，这是黑暗和大雨。 Ceely是依靠她的GPS。但它没有提到过境。“我把我完全的信任，在设备和它导致我到超速行驶的列车的路径，”她告诉英国广播公司。 W HO在这里指责？里克史蒂文森，谁告诉Ceely的故事在他的书当机器无法在美国技术的限制，手指。我们把数字设备，我们的信心，他说， 但我们的数字佣工往往没有能力承担这一工作。他们都充满了小问题。它不仅仅是GPS设备：史蒂文森带我们参观了涉及一切从移动电话到无线键盘的数字灾害。 他在书中的论点的问题是，它不明白他为什么只针对数字技术，虽然可能有一些其他可能的原因。穿越了纸质地图的地图制造商可能已经离开。也许我们应该责怪Ceely不注意。也许铁路部门在恶劣的信号系统的故障。也许有人研究的相对危险，并制定出确实有一些具体的CPS设备的错误。但是史蒂文森不说了。 经书上运行，这是一个问题。在上车的一节，史蒂文森给出了犯罪分子使用的先进技术，以计算机为基础的汽车锁定系统击败accout。他提供了两个独立的偷车数字，都显示在该国某些地区的小幅度上涨。他说，一旦再次并非所有的新锁已经证明可靠。也许，但也许它的街道上的警察不足，也由于。或不断变化的社会环境。或者这些因素的某种组合。 人类和智能设备之间的游戏是复杂的。它是经济学和心理学和我们所处的某处在这些力量的组合有可能是明智使用的技术的文化塑造。 如果有这样一种方式，它应该不仅仅是一个涉及到我们的机器的缺点的认识。毕竟，我们已经与他们居住了几千年。它们很可能被愚弄我们一样长。