spend花费的两个句型是什么 cost、takes用法句型

记不太清了。帮忙说一下。顺便带意思

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匿名用户 9级
2011-04-24 回答
  spend   Pattern I(句型I)   Sb. spends some money/time on sth..   e.g. She spent 50p on chocolate.   她花了50个便士买巧克力。   He spends about a third of his salary on drinking.   他把薪水的1/3左右花在喝酒上。   Note:使用该句型时,通常用介词on,但也可用介词for。例如:He will spend£3,000 for/ on a new car.(他将花三千镑购买新车。)   Pattern II(句型II)   Sb. spends some money/time(in) doing sth..   e.g. He spent a pleasant hour in talking with friends.   他与朋友们愉快地交谈了一个小时。   -How did you spend your summer vacation?你是如何度过暑假的?   -I spend it (in) reading and fishing.我看看书、钓钓鱼打发时间。   Note:口语中,通常省略介词in。再如: I used to spend my spare time going cycling.(我过去常常骑自行车兜风来消磨闲暇时间。)   take   Pattern I(句型I)   It takes sb. some time /money to do sth..   e.g. It takes us thirty minutes to walk from here to the station.It takes thirty minutes for us to walk from here to the station.   我们从这儿到车站步行要花30分钟。   It took him a lot of money to buy her a fur coat.It took a lot of money for him to buy her a fur coat.   他给她买皮外套花了很多钱。   Note:该句型中的it为形式主语,动词不定式短语作真正主语。"for sb. to do sth."为复合动词不定式结构。take后也可不接间接宾语sb.。例如:How long does it take to go there by air?(乘飞机到那儿要花多长时间?)   Pattern II(句型II)   Sb. takes some time to do sth..   e.g. I took two hours to finish the composition.   我花了两个小时才完成这篇作文。   They took three years to build the bridge.   他们花了三年时间建这座桥。   Pattern III(句型III)   Sth. takes(sb.)some time.   e.g. The writing of the article took me two days.   写这篇文章花了我两天时间。   The flight from Tokyo to San Francisco takes nine hours.   从东京到旧金山的飞行要花9个小时。   Note:take作"花费"解时,若主语是it,take既可用于花时间,也可用于花金钱;若主语是人或事物,则只能用于时间。   cost   Pattern I(句型I)   Sth. costs sb. some money.   e.g. This computer cost me 5,000 yuan.   这台电脑花了我五千元。   Note:cost接双宾语时,作"花费"解,若只接钱数时,作"价值"解。例如: This jacket costs 200 dollars.(这件夹克价值200美元。)   Pattern II(句型II)   It costs (sb.)some money to do sth..   e.g.It will cost you 500 dollars to repair the car.   修理这部汽车要花费你500美元。   How much did it cost to build the bridge?   建这座桥花费了多少钱?   Note:该句型中的cost与take用法相同,可替换使用。注意,cost作"花费"解时,主语只能是事物或it,不能是人。比较:[误]I cost two yuan on the book/ to buy the book. [正]The book cost me two yuan.I spent two yuan on the book.(这本书我花了两块钱。)   Pattern III(句型III)   Sth. costs (sb.) time, labour, life,...   e.g. Such a difficult job costs a lot of time and effort.   这么困难的工作需要耗费极多的时间和心力。   Careless driving will cost you your life.   粗心驾驶会使你丧命。   Note: cost也可以接时间、劳力、性命等作宾语,作"耗费""(使)付出"解。cost虽可用及物动词,但无论哪种用法,都不可用于被动语态。比较:[误]They were cost much labour by the work. [正]The work cost them much labour.(这项工程耗费了他们大量劳动。)   pay   Pattern I(句型I)   Sb. pays some money for sth..   e.g. I paid 3,000 yuan for the mobile phone.   我花三千元买了这部手机。   How much did you pay for the motorbike?   你花多少钱买的这辆摩托车?   Pattern II(句型II)   One pays sb./sth. (for sth.).   e.g. He's paid the bill.   他已付了账。   She paid the driver and got out of the taxi.   她付给司机钱后下了出租车。   Please pay the cashier for the meal.   请把饭钱付给会计吧。   Pattern III(句型III)   One pays sb. some money for sth..   e.g. I paid him 100 yuan for the old bike.   我花100元买了他那辆旧自行车。   How much did you pay the shopkeeper for fixing the TV set?   你付给店主多少钱修理这台电视机?   Note:pay接双宾语表示"付给某人多少钱",间接宾语也可用"to sb."表示。例如id you pay 100 yuan to him for the old bike?(你付给他100元买他那辆旧自行车了吗?)   Pattern IV(句型IV)   One pays sb. some money to do sth..   e.g. He paid the boy 5 dollars to wash his car.   他付给那孩子5美元叫他洗车。   Note:pay作"花费"、"付款"解时,主语只能指人,不能指物。pay还可用作不及物动词,即"pay for sth.",意思是"付某物的款"。例如:I've paid for these books.(我已付了这些书钱。)表示"赔偿"时,要用"pay back"。例如et me pay him back.(让我赔他吧。) I'll pay back for his book.(我要赔偿他的书。)   练习:用至少五句话翻译"我花了10元钱买的这本字典"。   答案:   ①I spent ten yuan on the dictionary.   ②I spent ten yuan buying the dictionary.   ③It took me ten yuan to buy the dictionary.   ④The dictionary cost me ten yuan.   ⑤It cost me ten yuan to buy the dictionary.   ⑥I paid ten yuan for the dictionary.
追问:

短语的意思貌似没给清楚

追答:

Sb. spends some money/time on sth..某人在某事上花费了钱或者时间

Sb. spends some money/time(in) doing sth..某人做某事花费了一些钱或者时间

It takes sb. some time /money to do sth.. 做某事需要花费某人的一些时间或钱

Sb. takes some time to do sth.. 某人花费时间去做某事

Sth. takes(sb.)some time.做某事需要花费某人的一些时间

Sth. costs sb. some money.某物花费某人一些钱

One pays sb. some money to do sth..某人花费一些钱去做某事
One pays sb. some money for sth..某人买某人的某物付了一些钱
Sb. pays some money for sth..买某物某人付了一些钱
Sth. costs (sb.) time, labour, life,..某事花费某人的时间体力生命.
It costs (sb.)some money to do sth..做某事花费了某人的一些时间








 

最新回答 (2条回答)

SOSO用户 8级
2011-04-24 回答
spend time(or money)(in)doing sth
spend time(or money)on sth
It costs/It takes sb some time to do sth
2011-04-24 回答

人+spend sth (in,可省略) doing sth

人+spend sth on sth

It's takes sb. to do sth

物+cost