human being和human race还有people和person的不同?

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Alcoo 4级
2007-12-06 回答
human being和human race是近意词
其区别实在是很微小,用中文很难解释清楚
因为2者在中文的意思都是人类
但是用英语解释你应该就能明白起定义上的区别了
首先是human being
1. any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
同义词:homo, man, human
例句:
1. The human being is a primate.  
 人类是灵长类动物 
 
2. A human being is an ingenious assembly of portable plumbing.  
 人类,是一堆可以随意拆卸的铅管零件的巧妙装配。 
 
3. Slowness of the heart rate, usually fewer than60 beats per minute in an adult human being.  
 心搏缓慢心律缓慢,通常指成人心跳低于60次每分钟 
 
4. The part of the body of a human being or quadruped on either side of the backbone and between the ribs and hips.  
 腰部人类或四足动物的身体部分,位于脊柱两侧,肋骨与臀部之间 
 
5. He was the only human being on the island.  
 他是那个岛上唯一的人。 
 
6. How long can a human being go (ie survive) without food?  
 人不吃东西能活多久? 

再来是human race
其英文定是:1. all of the living human inhabitants of the earth
同义词:world, humanity, humankind, human beings, humans, mankind, man
1. Is the human race threatened with complete extinction?  
 人类是否会受到完全灭绝的威胁呢? 
 
2. A full-scale nuclear war could lead to the annihilation of the human race.  
 全面的核子战争能导致人类的灭绝. 
 
3. Everything you say seems to be pervaded with a mistrust of the human race.  
 你说的一切似乎都渗透了对人类的不信任。 
 
4. I do not regard a broker as a member of the human race.  
 我不把经纪人当作是人类的一个成员。 

就我个人认为human race更多的偏向整个人类,包括其建立起来的社会。
而human being则偏向活物。

而people的话在英语中的定义是:
1. (plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively

2. the body of citizens of a state or country
同义词:citizenry

3. the common people generally
同义词:multitude, masses, mass, hoi polloi, the great unwashed

4. members of a family line
范围比human being要小的多,是包含在其中的

而person的英文解释是:
1. a human being
同义词:individual, someone, somebody, mortal, soul

2. a human body (usually including the clothing)

3. a grammatical category of pronouns and verb forms
看相比people它的定义范围就更狭窄了


我的理解可能还存在偏差,以上只是供你参考,希望能有帮助。