谢谢 翻译英文

价值观根源

    中国在数千年历史中延续下来的具有自己民族特色的价值观,强调的是“利他”和“尊重他人”。中国古代教育中以教治国的思想,是建立在儒家以教化为手段的仁政、德抬思想之上的,其教育的内容主要是伦理道德教育。“利他”价值观把教育的功能锁定在维持社会政治统治的稳定上,轻视对受教育者自身有用的职业技术教育。中国近代虽然有人强调重视个人的发展,但并没有改变教育的社会本位状态。到了社会主义社会,“利他”思想发展为强调国家、民族的整体利益。在教育上,强调服从,忽视个性发展。这是符合计划经济管理模式的人才培养方向。改革开放以来,重视学生创造力的培养在认识层面可以说已经解决,但教育模式中仅有若干更新实验,没有实现根本性改变。所以我们的教育依旧重视对已有知识的学习,而对个人创造力的开发不足。

    西方社会近代资产阶级革命提倡的自由、民主、科学精神已经凝聚成他们强调以个人为主体和中心的价值观,“利己”是西方价值观的核心思想。这种价值观把实现个人利益,维护个人尊严作为出发点,并据此对社会制度进行评价和构建。其教育模式的特征和功能是适应西方社会利己价值观的要求不断发展的结果,所以西方的教育把遵从个人自由、发展个性思维当作指导教育实践的基本准则,并使准则演化为人们的行为习惯。西方的市场经济体制以其优胜劣汰的竞争机制强化了他们教育的智力开发功能。

    2.社会体制根源

    我国的教育模式受计划经济体制的影响是很深刻的。随同计划经济体制一同构建起来的教育体制,人才的培养和分配是按计划进行的。它的基本特征是,第一,计划教育,即教育的要素组合是计划的结果,整个教育活动都被纳人计划的范畴,受到计划的干预和控制;第二,单一教育,所有教育活动都要纳人计划,不能纳人或难以纳人计划的教育必然受到排斥,所以教育发展为学校教育的单一模式,以学校教育的尺度来规范教育、衡量教育、发展教育,整个教育的价值追求为学校教育的价值尺度所左右,升学、学历和文凭成为整个教育的自觉的价值目标。虽然目前计划体制已经基本被市场体制取代,但在改变着的教育模式中,原有体制的惯性仍然强有力地存在着。

    西方教育模式是在市场经济体制下发展和完善起来的。市场经济体制由市场来调节经济过程,商品根据市场需求进行生产和流通。谁能洞察市场的需要,谁能有较高的生产率,谁就能获得最大利润。人才,也是市场里的一种商品,培养人才的学校必须根据市场需求调节自己的教育行为。培养目标的确定,培养的人才结构与学校结构、专业、课程的设计等等,都不存在不变的计划,而是根据市场走向来决定。市场体制下的教育基本特征是:第一,自由性。办什么学校,开什么专业,招多少学生,授什么课程,用什么教材,等等,国家没有统一的计划规定,由教育单位自己决定,或者由教师自己确定,或者由学生自己确定;第二,多样性。市场需求是多样的,自由办学的结果必然强化了这种多样性。无论是个人,还是教育机构,都可以有多种选择。美国可以被看作是市场经济条件下自由模式教育的典型。

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晓°╰つ 13级
2010-05-11 回答
Root values 

中国在数千年历史中延续下来的具有自己民族特色的价值观,强调的是“利他”和“尊重他人”。 China thousands of years of history inherited from the national characteristics with their values, to emphasize that "altruism" and "respect for others." 中国古代教育中以教治国的思想,是建立在儒家以教化为手段的仁政、德抬思想之上的,其教育的内容主要是伦理道德教育。 Ancient Chinese Education to teach the country's ideology, is built on the Confucian benevolent government as a means to educate, raise the basic ideas of Germany, whose education is the content of moral education. “利他”价值观把教育的功能锁定在维持社会政治统治的稳定上,轻视对受教育者自身有用的职业技术教育。 "Altruistic" values to the function of education in maintaining social and political domination locking stability, the contempt of the educated themselves useful vocational and technical education. 中国近代虽然有人强调重视个人的发展,但并没有改变教育的社会本位状态。 While some stresses the importance of Modern personal development, but did not change the state of social standard of education. 到了社会主义社会,“利他”思想发展为强调国家、民族的整体利益。 To a socialist society, "altruism" Thought for the stressed state and nation as a whole. 在教育上,强调服从,忽视个性发展。 In education, emphasizing obedience, neglect character development. 这是符合计划经济管理模式的人才培养方向。 This is in line with the planned economic management direction for personnel training. 改革开放以来,重视学生创造力的培养在认识层面可以说已经解决,但教育模式中仅有若干更新实验,没有实现根本性改变。 Since reform and opening, attention Creativity in the knowledge level can be said to have been resolved, but only some updated education model experiment, not to achieve fundamental change. 所以我们的教育依旧重视对已有知识的学习,而对个人创造力的开发不足。 So our emphasis on education still has to learn the knowledge, but lack the development of personal creativity.

西方社会近代资产阶级革命提倡的自由、民主、科学精神已经凝聚成他们强调以个人为主体和中心的价值观,“利己”是西方价值观的核心思想。 Modern bourgeois revolution in Western society to promote freedom, democracy, scientific spirit has been condensed into their emphasis on personal values as the main and center, "self-interest" is the core of the western values. 这种价值观把实现个人利益,维护个人尊严作为出发点,并据此对社会制度进行评价和构建。 These values to achieve their personal interests and maintain their dignity as a starting point, and accordingly to evaluate and build the social system. 其教育模式的特征和功能是适应西方社会利己价值观的要求不断发展的结果,所以西方的教育把遵从个人自由、发展个性思维当作指导教育实践的基本准则,并使准则演化为人们的行为习惯。 The education model features and functions to suit the requirements of the Western values of social self-interest the results of continuous development, so Western education to comply with individual freedom, personal development thinking as the basic norms guiding educational practice, and to evolve guidelines for behavior of people . 西方的市场经济体制以其优胜劣汰的竞争机制强化了他们教育的智力开发功能。 Western market economy competition mechanism for its enhanced intellectual development of their educational function.

2.社会体制根源 2. Causes of social system

我国的教育模式受计划经济体制的影响是很深刻的。 Education in China by the impact of the planned economic system is very profound. 随同计划经济体制一同构建起来的教育体制,人才的培养和分配是按计划进行的。 Along with the planned economic system built up with the education system, the cultivation and distribution is carried out according to plan. 它的基本特征是,第一,计划教育,即教育的要素组合是计划的结果,整个教育活动都被纳人计划的范畴,受到计划的干预和控制;第二,单一教育,所有教育活动都要纳人计划,不能纳人或难以纳人计划的教育必然受到排斥,所以教育发展为学校教育的单一模式,以学校教育的尺度来规范教育、衡量教育、发展教育,整个教育的价值追求为学校教育的价值尺度所左右,升学、学历和文凭成为整个教育的自觉的价值目标。 Its basic characteristic is that the first plan of education, that education is the results of the combination of elements, the whole education programs have been incorporated into the scope of the intervention and control by the plan; second, a single education, all educational activities should be incorporated into plans, can not be satisfied or difficult to accept people's education plan must be exclusive, so the development of education as the single model of school education, school education standards to regulate education, to measure education, development education and the pursuit of the value of education for the measure of value of school education are about to study, qualifications and diplomas to become conscious of the value of the education goals. 虽然目前计划体制已经基本被市场体制取代,但在改变着的教育模式中,原有体制的惯性仍然强有力地存在着。 Although the planning system has basically been replaced by a market system, but in changing the education model, the inertia of the original system is still strong there.

西方教育模式是在市场经济体制下发展和完善起来的。 Western education is in the market economy development and improvement of up. 市场经济体制由市场来调节经济过程,商品根据市场需求进行生产和流通。 Market economy by the market to regulate the economic process, according to market demand for commodity production and circulation. 谁能洞察市场的需要,谁能有较高的生产率,谁就能获得最大利润。 Who needs insight into the market, who have higher productivity, who will be able to get the most profit. 人才,也是市场里的一种商品,培养人才的学校必须根据市场需求调节自己的教育行为。 Talent is a commodity markets, personnel training school must be based on market demand their own educational activities. 培养目标的确定,培养的人才结构与学校结构、专业、课程的设计等等,都不存在不变的计划,而是根据市场走向来决定。 Determine training objectives, training school personnel structure and the structure, curriculum design, etc., change the plan does not exist, but according to the market to decide. 市场体制下的教育基本特征是:第一,自由性。 Market system of education under the basic characteristics: First, freedom. 办什么学校,开什么专业,招多少学生,授什么课程,用什么教材,等等,国家没有统一的计划规定,由教育单位自己决定,或者由教师自己确定,或者由学生自己确定;第二,多样性。 What schools do, What about the professional, inviting the number of students, what courses granted, what materials, etc., countries do not have a unified plan for the, You educational institutions to decide, or by teachers themselves to determine, or by the students themselves determine; second diversity. 市场需求是多样的,自由办学的结果必然强化了这种多样性。 Market demand is diverse, free running is bound to reinforce this diversity. 无论是个人,还是教育机构,都可以有多种选择。 Whether personal or educational institutions, can have a variety of options. 美国可以被看作是市场经济条件下自由模式教育的典型。 The United States can be seen as free market economy model of education typical

最新回答 (2条回答)

2010-05-11 回答

Values

In the thousands of years of Chinese history, continued with their characteristic values, emphasize "altruistic" and "respect for others. Ancient Chinese education in teaching of thought, is established by means of Confucian education in the benevolent governance, carry on the education of ideology, the main content of moral education is. "The education of altruism" values in maintaining social function of political ruling on the stability of educatees itself, despise the vocational and technical education is useful. Modern Chinese people emphasize on personal development, but did not change the state of social education. To socialist society, "altruistic" thought development emphasizes the overall interests of the country and the people. In education, emphasizes on the subject, ignore character development. It is planned economy management mode of talent training direction. Since the reform and opening, pay attention to the cultivation of students' creative knowledge can solve in education mode, but has only some renewing experiment, no fundamental changes to achieve. So our education is still attached importance to the existing knowledge of individual creativity, and study the development.

In modern western society bourgeois revolution advocate freedom, democracy and science spirit has condensed into their emphasis on personal values and the center for the subject, "ego" is the core idea of western values. This value to achieve personal interests and maintaining individual dignity as a starting point, and then evaluated and constructing social system. The education mode is adapt to the characteristics and functions of western social benefit of the continuous development of request values result, so the compliance of western education development of individual freedom, personality education practice of guiding thought as the basic principles and standards, the evolution of behavior. The western market economic system with its survival competition mechanism, strengthen the education of their intelligence development function.

2 social system

China's education mode from planned economy system is very impressive. Along with the planned economy system of education system, building up together, talent cultivation and distribution is scheduled. It is the basic characteristics of the education program, education, namely, the elements of the plan, is the education activities is one of the program by the plan, control and intervention, Second, education, education activities in a single all others plan to others, or to be planning education must be rejected for school education development, so the single education mode, in order to regulate education school education, the scale to measure of education, education, education of the development of school education for the pursuit of value, the value that entrance, the record of formal schooling and diploma education consciousness of value goal. Although current plan system has basically is the market system, but the education mode in changing the original system and the inertia is still strong.

Western education mode is in market economy development and perfection. The market economic system to adjust the economy by the market, products according to the market demand for production and circulation. Who can penetrate the needs of the market, who can have higher productivity, who can obtain maximum profit. Talent, is also a kind of commodity market, cultivating talents of school must adjust according to the market demand of the education behaviour. The goal of cultivating talents cultivation, the structure and the structure of the school, professional, course design, etc., are not exist, but according to the plan of constant market trends. The market system of education under the basic characteristics are: first, and freedom. What school do, what major, many students, teach what course, use what materials, etc., countries are not unified planning regulations, decide by education unit, or by the teachers themselves, or determined by the students themselves, Second, diversity. The market demand is varied, the free education results strengthened this diversity. Whether individual education institutions, or can have many choices. America can be considered under the conditions of market economy free education pattern of the typical.

2010-05-11 回答
答案是:ValuesIn the thousands of years of Chinese history, continued with their characteristic values, emphasize "altruistic" and "respect for others. Ancient Chinese education in teaching of thought, is established by means of Confucian education in the benevolent governance, carry on the education of ideology, the main content of moral education is. "The education of altruism" values in maintaining social function of political ruling on the stability of educatees itself, despise the vocational and technical education is useful. Modern Chinese people emphasize on personal development, but did not change the state of social education. To socialist society, "altruistic" thought development emphasizes the overall interests of the country and the people. In education, emphasizes on the subject, ignore character development. It is planned economy management mode of talent training direction. Since the reform and opening, pay attention to the cultivation of students' creative knowledge can solve in education mode, but has only some renewing experiment, no fundamental changes to achieve. So our education is still attached importance to the existing knowledge of individual creativity, and study the development.In modern western society bourgeois revolution advocate freedom, democracy and science spirit has condensed into their emphasis on personal values and the center for the subject, "ego" is the core idea of western values. This value to achieve personal interests and maintaining individual dignity as a starting point, and then evaluated and constructing social system. The education mode is adapt to the characteristics and functions of western social benefit of the continuous development of request values result, so the compliance of western education development of individual freedom, personality education practice of guiding thought as the basic principles and standards, the evolution of behavior. The western market economic system with its survival competition mechanism, strengthen the education of their intelligence development function.2 social systemChina's education mode from planned economy system is very impressive. Along with the planned economy system of education system, building up together, talent cultivation and distribution is scheduled. It is the basic characteristics of the education program, education, namely, the elements of the plan, is the education activities is one of the program by the plan, control and intervention, Second, education, education activities in a single all others plan to others, or to be planning education must be rejected for school education development, so the single education mode, in order to regulate education school education, the scale to measure of education, education, education of the development of school education for the pursuit of value, the value that entrance, the record of formal schooling and diploma education consciousness of value goal. Although current plan system has basically is the market system, but the education mode in changing the original system and the inertia is still strong.Western education mode is in market economy development and perfection. The market economic system to adjust the economy by the market, products according to the market demand for production and circulation. Who can penetrate the needs of the market, who can have higher productivity, who can obtain maximum profit. Talent, is also a kind of commodity market, cultivating talents of school must adjust according to the market demand of the education behaviour. The goal of cultivating talents cultivation, the structure and the structure of the school, professional, course design, etc., are not exist, but according to the plan of constant market trends. The market system of education under the basic characteristics are: first, and freedom. What school do, what major, many students, teach what course, use what materials, etc., countries are not unified planning regulations, decide by education unit, or by the teachers themselves, or determined by the students themselves, Second, diversity. The market demand is varied, the free education results strengthened this diversity. Whether individual education institutions, or can have many choices. America can be considered under the conditions of market economy free education pattern of the typical.