大侠,能不能帮忙翻译一下论文摘要呢?

城阙宫殿作为历史文物和陪都的重要标志,其价值和重要性一直受到宋中央政府的关注。不仅吸收借鉴其建筑工艺用于首都东京宫殿的建设,还大规模营修西京大内宫殿建筑,使古都风貌大为一新。尤其是宋仁宗时期对西京水南外城的大规模营修,使西京城郭的规模气势远超隋唐,体现了鲜明的时代特色和高超的建筑工艺水平。部分城门的封堵及定鼎门大街的街道的显著变窄等现象,反映了西京洛阳的城市人口规模和城市建制规格的降低。北宋中后期西京外郭城逐步颓塌残缺,丧失殆尽,标志着西京的日渐衰落。

优越的政治、区位优势和交通枢纽地位,使河南府的商业取得了较大发展。中外商贾云集,名优产品大量汇集,使之成为仅次于京师开封的北方国际商业中心。洛阳夜市及临街为市现象的普遍出现,不仅方便了群众生活,更是商品经济生活中的新气象。依托技术和人才优势,其纺织、矿冶、酿酒、陶瓷制造、伐木烧炭、采石雕刻、食品制造等等官私手工业也获得了很大发展。劳动者精心制作的花色多样、质量优美的产品,不仅受到当地消费者的喜爱,而且还作为贡品走进皇宫大内。尤其是砖瓦烧制业中煤炭的使用,则实现了燃料使用的一次革命性的变革,对促进冶铸、砖瓦烧制的规模化,提高人们的生活水平起到巨大的推动作用。

北宋“制其钱谷”经济政策及本地农业生产整体薄弱、赋役负担过重等不利因素,不仅造成了不容忽视的河南府财政空虚,更严重影响了西京河南府的自身建设和政治经济地位。至少在宋真宗时期,河南府已经由中央直辖,而变为京西路和京西北路的一部分,逐步成为地区性中心城市。同时,河南府所辖县级单位也逐步减少,反映了作为西京由京邑大府到一般地方城市的痛苦蜕变和自我适应过程。尤其是北宋中后期的经济剥削程度的加重,更加重了普通百姓的负担,从整体上加快了西京衰退的步伐。

作为陪京首善和皇陵所在之地,重视治安管理是宋政府,也是西京河南府所面临的一项艰巨任务。通过强化监司、西京各级治安责任部门、官员的治安职能,发挥西京驻军的威慑作用等举措的有效实施,基本实现了治安稳定,没有出现大的社会动荡,为该地区社会发展提供了治安保障。巨大的社会贫富差距及奴役压迫的存在,是导致其治安状况一直不好的根本原因;西京施政过宽,民吏习于散漫风气、豪滑无赖及旁门左道势力强大,以及防范措施不到位,德音、特赦等恤刑措施过于频繁等诸多因素也对其社会治安产生一定影响。

重视文教、强化神道设教活动,是西京重视思想文化和社会意识的陶冶训导作用,发挥和实现其陪都职能的重要体现。无论其官学还是私学都取得了巨大发展,开创了洛阳文化史上又一个辉煌时代。注重自身道德修养,坚持以儒家礼法教条作为持家、做人、行事、为官的准绳和好尚,成为一种风尚追求,尊师重教、尊贤尚齿、乐易闲适是其社会风尚的主旋律,成为引领全国道德风尚建设的主阵地之一。社会风俗的多样性、复杂性、传统性和时代性特点深刻体现了西京社会发展的不平衡性。在政府支持的政策背景下,西京的僧道寺院逐步得到恢复和发展,佛、道、儒三教融合趋势明显,对现实社会政治、文化、教育等方面产生了深远影响。

适应现实政治和商业发展的需要,西京地区的水、陆交通状况,较之前代有了较大的恢复、改善和发展,仍然保持了交通枢纽的重要地位,体现了社会、科技的进步和发展,为该地区的经济发展、人员物资交流作出了积极贡献                                                       

翻译的好快,我翻译了半天了,才翻译了两段。

原来用的GOOGLE在线翻译,这种翻译不行,拒绝接受。

最新回答 (4条回答)

谁无计 11级
2010-04-09 回答

City Que Palace as an important historical heritage and the provisional capital sign, the value and importance of the Song has been central concerns. And borrowing of its construction process is not only the capital of Tokyo for the construction of the palace, but also large-scale repair business within a large palace, Xijing so much a new style of the ancient capital. Especially Renzong time on the water south of Xijing camp outside the city's large-scale repair, the imposing size of the city walls far exceeds the Xijing Tang, embodies the distinctive architectural features and superb craftsmanship. Part of the gate blocking the streets and settle Ding Men Street, a significant narrowing of such phenomena, reflecting the Xijing Luoyang city formed the urban population size and reduced size. Northern Song Dynasty in the late decadent Xijing outer city gradually fallen incomplete, lost, marking the decline of Xijing.

 

Superior political, geographical advantages and transportation hub of business in Henan government has made great development. Chinese and foreign merchants gather together a large number of famous product, making it second only to the Northern Capital Kaifeng international business center. Night markets and street for the city of Luoyang, the phenomenon of widespread, not only convenient for the people living life in the commodity economy is a new phenomenon. Relying on technology and personnel, the textile, mining, wine, ceramics manufacturing, logging, charcoal burning, quarrying carving, food and so on official and private handicrafts also received great development. Variety of elaborate flower workers, quality and beautiful products, not only by local consumers, but also into the Palace as a tribute within. Brick and tile industry in particular, the use of coal burning, the fuel used to achieve a revolutionary change, the promotion of smelting, brick firing of scale, improve people's living standards play a significant role in promoting.

 

Song "system of its Zenitani" economic policy and the local agricultural production as a whole is weak, the heavy taxation of such negative factors can not be ignored not only caused the financial void Henan government, but also seriously affected the government's self-construction Xijing Henan, political and economic status. At least in the period of Emperor Song, Henan directly under the Central Government has, and become West Beijing Road, and part of West Beijing Road, and gradually become a regional center of the city. Meanwhile, the Henan government under the jurisdiction of county-level units are gradually reduced, reflecting a large Xijing by the Jingyi local city government to the general pain of transformation and self-adaptation. Especially the economic exploitation of the late Northern Song in the severity, more heavier burden on ordinary people, from the overall pace of decline accelerated Xijing.

 

Beijing, capital city and imperial tombs as a location to accompany the land of great importance to security management is the Song government, Xijing Henan government also faces a daunting task. By strengthening the Supervision Department, Xijing responsibility at all levels of security departments, officials, security functions, play a deterrent role Xijing military initiatives such as the effective implementation of the basic realization of the order and stability, no major social unrest and social development in the region to provide a security protection. Huge gap between the rich and the poor and oppressed of the existence of slavery is the cause of its poor security situation has been the root cause; Xijing policy too broad, China Officials accustomed to lax atmosphere, high slip powerful rogue and heretical, and preventive measures in place, German sound, amnesty and other measures shirt punishment too often, and many other factors also have a certain impact on their social security.

 

Emphasis on culture and education, strengthen the religious teaching activities, is seriously thinking of Xijing cultural and social awareness role cultivate discipline, play and achieve its provisional capital of an important manifestation of the functions. Regardless of school or private school officials have made tremendous development, has created a brilliant cultural history of Luoyang era. Pay attention to their moral training, adhere to the Confucian rites dogma as housekeeping, doing, acting, and good yardstick official yet, become a fashion pursuit of respect for teachers, Zunsian still teeth, Lok leisure was the main theme of their social habits , a leading national morality one of the main front building. Social customs of the diversity, complexity, tradition and characteristics of the times reflects the profound imbalance of Xijing social development. In the context of government support policies, Xijing the monk monastery gradually restored and developed, Buddhism, Taoism and Confucianism fusion trend is clearly on the real social, political, cultural, education and so far-reaching implications.

 

Meet the reality of political and commercial development, Xijing of the water, land and traffic conditions, on behalf of a bigger than before the recovery, improvement and development remain the major hub status, reflects the social, technological progress and development , the region's economic development, exchange of personnel and materials to make a positive contribution

追问:
不管翻译好坏,先表示感谢。
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匿名用户 3级
2010-04-09 回答

推荐一个网站给你 你去上面看看吧!我对翻译也不懂多少!网址 http://www.wktx.net 是个不错的网站!

2010-04-09 回答

大侠,能不能帮忙翻译一下论文摘要呢?

根据我搜集的一些网站来看,建议看看这个,要做毕业论文以及毕业设计的,推荐一个网站 http://www.lw54.com ,里面的毕业设计什么的全是优秀的,因为精挑细选的,网上很少有,都是相当不错的毕业论文和毕业设计,对毕业论文的写作有很大的参考价值,希望对你有所帮助。

别的相关范文很多的,推荐一些比较好的范文写作网站,希望对你有帮助,这些精选的范文网站,里面有大量的范文,也有各种文章写作方法,注意事项,应该有适合你的,自己动手找一下,可不要照搬啊,参考一下,用自己的语言写出来那才是自己的。

如果你不是校园网的话,请在下面的网站找: 毕业论文网: http://www.wsdxs.cn 分类很细 栏目很多 毕业论文: http://www.lw54.com 毕业设计: http://www.wsdxs.cn/html/sf/lw/2009/0928/146347.html 开题报告: http://www.wsdxs.cn/html/lunwenzhidao/kaitibaogao 实习论文: http://www.wsdxs.cn/html/shixi 写作指导: http://www.wsdxs.cn/html/lunwenzhidao

 

追问:

上面是谁发的呀,烦人,一直发同样的网址。

虫儿飞 6级
2010-04-09 回答
As a historic relic and an important sign of the second capital, with its value and importance, Chengque Palace has drawn much attention from the central government of Song dynasty, which not only applied its architectural technology to the construction of palaces in the eastern capital, but also repaired the palaces in the western capital in a large scale, giving the ancient capital a new look. The massive repair of Shuinan outer city in the western capital which was with distinguish features of that era and great architectural technology in the Song years of the emperor Renzong especially made the size and look of the western capital exceed it in Suiand Tang dynasties. That some of the city gates were blocked and the Dingdingmen Street turned narrower told us that population of Luoyang, the western capital, has become less and the specification of the organizational structure lower. In the middle and later North Song dynasty, the outer ramparts of Luoyang gradually became incomplete and some parts collapsed, which showed that Luoyang was degrading.
追问:

大侠继续

追答:

With its advantages in politics, location and transportation, Henan prefecture gained great improvement in its business. Businessmen at home and abroad gathered here and excellent goods flew in Henan. Thus Henan prefecture became the second largest commercial center in the North just behind the capital Kaifeng. The widespread appearance of night markets and street markets made the people’s life more convenient and infused new blood to the commodity economy. Relying on its technologies and talents, the governmental and private handicraft industries such as textile, mining and metallurgy, brewing, ceramic, lumbering and charking, quarrying and engraving, and food industry improved a lot as well. Some products of good quality and rich varieties were not only popular with the common people, but also submitted to the emperor as tributes. The application of coal in tile-producing, a revolutionary innovation in using fuel, promoted the scales of casting and tile-producing and improved the people’s living standard.

追问:
不错,我会把你翻译的采纳为答案。我自己翻译了一部分,只剩后面的两段多没有翻译了,不过水平有限,翻译的不好。