英文后再写上中文 不要翻译的很好就是可以让我知道这篇英语短文写什么的就ok了


2010-02-25 回答

Spring Festival, the traditional Chinese New Year’s Day, is China’s most important national holiday. The date of the new year is still determined by the lunar calendar even though the government of the Republic of China adopted the international Gregorian calendar in 1912. New Year’s Day typically occurs sometime in early spring (February).

Almost everyone in China’s cities enjoys at least three days off work to celebrate spring Festival, and the celebration lasts even longer in rural areas: from the eighth day of the last month of the lunar year to the fifteenth day of the first month of the following lunar years. Rural residents use this time, following a year’s hard work and prior to the spring planting, to rest and relax as the climate in northern China is still quite cold.

The Han people (the majority ethnic group in China, accounting for more than 90 percent of the population) have a tradition of eating laba-rice porridge with beans, nuts and dried fruit—on the eighth day of the twelfth lunar month. This pastime symbolizes the peasants’ wishes for an abundant harvest and healthy animals.

Starting on the twenty-third day of the twelfth lunar month people clean their houses, decorate them with paper-cuts and streamers, shop for special Spring Festival foods and gifts, and begin preparing the New year’s banquet. On the day before New Year’s day, many families decorate their front doors with a pair of couplets designating good fortune. These couplets are written in fine calligraphy on long strips of red paper. The text of the sentiments expressed are for happiness, good health, bumper harvest, family harmony and prosperity. Special pictures are placed in different rooms to dispel evil spirits and bring the family tranquility and happiness throughout the coming year. Children set off firecrackers, play games and carry colorful lanterns in hand as they visit friends. Parents keep busy preparing the New Year’s Eve dinner and making jiaozi—dumplings with meat and vegetable fillings. Dumplings are an indispensable food for northerners during their New Year’s celebration.

In olden times, jiaozi were thought to scare away evil spirits, misfortune and disease. Today this well-loved dish is as closely associated with Spring Festival as turkey is with Thanksgiving in the United States.

Chinese have been making jiaozi for more than 1,600 years, but the preparation of this delicious food varies by region. One variety is made with fillings of meat, Chinese cabbage or other vegetables, peanut and sesames oils, with ginger, green onion and salt for flavoring. Another variety is filled with eggs and dried shrimp along with Chinese cabbage, Chinese chives and other flavorings. On New Year’s Day people traditionally eat dumplings made with egg and shrimp fillings to encourage a year of peace. Families in some rural areas have a custom of wrapping a small piece of candy or a coin in one of the dumplings. The person who eats this dumpling is considered lucky and will have a happy and prosperous new year. Following dinner, most families watch special holiday variety shows on television, which last well into new Year’s Day. Many families stay up very late, some even stay up all night, playing cards, laughing, chatting, or telling stories to the children.

At midnight a barrage of firecrackers breaks the silence and after the cocks crow, every family conducts a New Year’s ceremony. Everyone, old and young, dresses in their best before offering sacrifices to their gods and ancestors.

The reunion meal in northern China consists of jiaozi. Old and young sit around the dinner table waiting to be served while the women boil the dumplings. If family members cannot join the reunion meal, a pair of chopsticks, a cup of wine and a bowl are laid out for them to symbolize the family’s best wishes.

On New Year’s Day the children receive gifts of money in red envelopes from their parents and grandparents. But, the most popular celebrating activity is young people expressing wishes of good fortune and health to the family elders. Other children enjoy visiting with friends, neighbors and relatives because they are treated to fruit, pastry and candy while their parents drink tea, wine or beer. The celebrating climax occurs on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month during the Lantern Festival. At night lantern shows or lion dances are performed, luring visitors to the fun, whether it’s in the city or the countryside.

  春节期间,中国传统的新年,是中国最重要的国定假日。春节的日期仍然是由阴历决定的,即使中华民国政府采纳国际公历1912年。元旦通常发生在早春(2月)。      几乎每个人在中国的城市至少有3天的工作来庆祝春节、庆典延续更长在农村地区:从第八天上个月的大年初一到八月十五日后第一个月里遭受过农历年的下面。农村居民要利用这段时间,一年的努力工作和之前的春天种植,休息和放松的气候在中国北部仍然相当冷。      汉族(大多数族群在中国,占90%以上的人口)有传统laba-rice吃稀饭和豆类、坚果和乾fruit-on第八天的农历十二月。这种消遣象征着农民在丰收的、健康的动物。      七月二十三日、王遣散众开始的农历十二月人打扫他们的房子,装修和乡下还能见到红红火火的彩带,商店,春节食品和特殊的礼物,并开始准备新年宴会。   在新年的第一天,许多家庭装饰他们的前门用一副对联指定的好运。这些楹联书法写好一片片长长的红纸。文中的情感表达是为了幸福,身体健康,家庭和睦、丰收,繁荣。特殊的照片被放置在不同的房间去驱散恶魔,宁静和幸福的家庭带来了新年。      孩子们放鞭炮、玩游戏、提灯笼在手里,因为他们拜访朋友。父母忙着准备新年前夕,使jiaozi-dumplings与肉类和蔬菜馅料。饺子是必不可少的食品为北方人在他们的新年庆祝活动。      在以前,饺子被吓跑妖魔鬼怪,不幸和疾病。今日的知己紧密联系在一起的一道菜是为春节作为土耳其和在美国的感恩节。      中国已经做的饺子超过1600多年,但准备这美味的食物不尽相同,由区域。一个变化是由充填物的肉、大白菜或其他蔬菜、花生、芝麻油、姜、葱和盐调味。另一个变化是充满了鸡蛋和虾米随着大白菜、韭菜及其它调味品。   元旦这天人们通常吃饺子馅和鸡蛋和虾,鼓励一年的和平。在一些农村地区家庭有一个自定义的包皮一小块糖或一枚硬币的饺子。这个人吃饺子被认为是幸运的,这将会有一个新年快乐幸福,大吉大利。      晚饭后,大多数家庭观看电视综艺节目特殊的节日上,以及在新年的第一天。许多家庭熬夜到很晚,有的甚至整晚熬夜,玩牌,谈笑风生,聊天,或讲故事的孩子。      一连串的午夜燃放鞭炮打破沉默,之后,每个家庭的公鸡叫进行了新年庆典。每个人,年老的和年轻的,穿着他们最好的前献与他们的神献祭和祖先。      团圆饭在北部的中国饺子。老年人和青年人围坐在餐桌上等候而女人煮饺子。如果家人不能参加团圆饭,一双筷子,一杯酒和一碗给他们都是欧洲式的象征家庭的最美好的祝愿。      在新年的第一天孩子们接受礼物的钱的红包来自父母和祖父母。但是,最受欢迎的庆祝活动是年轻人的表达意愿好运和健康的家庭的长者。其他的孩子享受探望朋友、邻居、亲戚,因为他们正在处理的水果、糕点和糖果,而它们的父母喝茶,葡萄酒或啤酒。      在高潮时的庆祝农历正月十五在元宵节。在晚上灯笼展示或舞龙舞狮表演,吸引游客有乐趣,无论是在城市或乡村。