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北冰洋的冬季从11月起直到次年4月,长达6个月。5、6月和9、10月分属春季和秋季。而夏季仅7、8两个月。1月份的平均气温介于-20—-40℃。而最暖月8月的平均气温也只达到-8℃。在北冰洋极点附近漂流站上测到的最低气温是-59℃。由于洋流和北极反气旋的影响,北极地区最冷的地方并不在中央北冰洋。在西伯利亚维尔霍杨斯克曾记录到-70℃的最低温度,在阿拉斯加的普罗斯佩克特地区也曾记录到-62℃的气温。越是接近极点,极地的气象和气候特征越明显。在那里,一年的时光只有一天一夜。即使在仲夏时节,太阳也只是远远地挂在南方地平线上,发着惨淡的白光。太阳升起的高度从不会超过23.5°,它静静地环绕着这无边无际的白色世界缓缓移动着。几个月之后,太阳运行的轨迹渐渐地向地平线接近,于是开始了北极的黄昏季节。 北极有无边的冰雪、漫长的冬季。北极与南极一样 有极昼和极夜现象越接近北极点越明显。北极的冬天是漫长、寒冷而黑暗的从每年的11月23日开始有接近半年时间将是完全看不见太阳的日子。温度会降到零下50多摄氏度。此时所有海浪和潮汐都消失了因为海岸已冰封只有风裹着雪四处扫荡。到了四月份天气才慢慢暖和起来冰雪逐渐消融大块的冰开始融化、碎裂、碰撞发出巨响;小溪出现潺潺的流水;天空变得明亮起来太阳普照大地。五、六月份 植物披上了生命的绿色 动物开始活跃 并忙着繁殖后代。在这个季节动物们可获得充足的食物积累足够的营养和脂肪以度过漫长的冬季。北极的秋季非常短暂在九月初第一场暴风雪就会降临。北极很快又回到寒冷、黑暗的冬季。在北极太阳永远升不到高空中即使在仲夏时节它升起的角度也不超过23.5度。北极的年降水量一般在100—250毫米 在格陵兰海域可达500毫米降水集中在近海陆地上最主要的形式是夏季的雨水。  

爱斯基摩人祖先来自中国北方,大约是在一万年前从亚洲渡过白令海峡到达美洲的,或者是通过冰封的海峡陆桥过去的。爱斯基摩人属于东部亚洲民族,与美洲印第安人不同之处在于具有更多的亚洲人的特征,他们与亚洲同时代的人有某些相同的文化特色,例如用火、驯犬及某些特殊仪式与医疗方法分别居住社会以地域集团为单位。首领多为萨满,行一夫一妻制。住房有石屋、木屋和雪屋。房屋一半陷入地下,门道极低。一般养狗,用以拉雪橇。主要从事陆地或海上狩猎,辅以捕鱼和驯鹿。以猎物为主要生活来源:以肉为食,毛皮做衣物,油脂用于照明和烹饪,骨牙作工具和武器。男子狩猎和建屋,妇女制皮和缝纫。已使用现代渔猎工具,并乘汽艇从事海上狩猎,亦从事毛皮贸易。日益受到白人文化影响,在格陵兰地区已有80%的人移居小城镇;出现贫富分化,美国爱斯基摩人已有个别资本家。从白令海峡到阿拉斯加、加拿大北部,经格陵兰岛一带,在北极圈生活的蒙古人种的一个集团。在身体上,文化上都适应于北极地区的生活。面部宽大,颊骨显著突出,眼角皱襞发达,四肢短,躯干大,不仅有这种形态,而且生理上也适应寒冷。但是外鼻比较突出,上、下颚骨强有力地横张着,因头盖正中线像龙骨一样突起,所以面部模样呈五角形。由于克服极端的环境生活,在人类学上引起注意。

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SOSO用户 6级
2010-01-30 回答
The Arctic Ocean in winter from November until the following year in April, up to 6 months. 5,6 month and 9,10 is the month of spring and autumn. 7,8 Only two months in summer. January's average temperature between -20 - 40 ℃. The warmest month in August the average temperature has only reached -8 ℃. Pole in the Arctic Ocean near the drifting station measured the lowest temperature is -59 ℃. As the ocean currents and the Arctic anti-cyclone, the Arctic is not the coldest place in the central Arctic Ocean. Intrinsic in Siberia Vilho Young has recorded a minimum temperature of -70 ℃, the prospect areas in Alaska have recorded the temperature -62 ℃. The more close to pole,
Polar weather and climate features of the more obvious. There, only a day and a night time a year. Even in midsummer, the sun is only hanging in the far south of the horizon, issued a bleak white. The height of the sun rising from no more than 23.5 °, it is quietly around the immense white world slowly moving forward. A few months later, the sun's path gradually closer to the horizon, the evening began the season in the Arctic. Arctic ice has boundless, the long winter. The Arctic and the Antarctic as a very day-and
Polar night phenomenon became more obvious near the North Pole. The Arctic winter is long, cold and dark from the year beginning November 23, nearly half a year will be the day the sun is completely invisible. Temperature dropped to minus 50 degrees Celsius. At this point all the waves and tides are missing, the coast has been frozen because of the wind wrapped in snow only four against. By April the weather slowly warms up and the gradual melting ice and snow chunks of ice began to melt, fragmentation, collision tremendous noise; brook gurgling of the water there; skies are brighter the sun shine on the earth. 5, June
Covered with green plant life, animals began to reproduce active and busy. In this season, the animals sufficient food available to the accumulation of adequate nutrition and fat to survive the long winter. Arctic fall very short in early September will be come the first snowstorm. The North Pole will soon return to the cold, dark winter. In the Arctic, the sun never rose less than a high altitude, even in mid-summer, the rising point of view it is not more than 23.5 degrees. In the Arctic is generally 100-250 mm annual precipitation in the Greenland waters up to 500 mm of precipitation concentrated in the coastal land on the main form of summer rain.
Eskimo ancestors came from northern China, about Ten thousand years ago through the Bering Strait from Asia to the Americas, or through the ice of the strait bridge past. Eskimos belong to the east Asian nation, with American Indians The difference is that Asians have more features, they are contemporary with Asian people have some of the same cultural characteristics, such as the use of fire, tame dogs and certain special ceremonies Methods to live with the medical community to take a geographical group as a unit. Leaders are mostly shaman, line monogamy. There are stone houses, wooden and snow house. Housing half into the ground very low doorways. General dogs to pull sleds.
Is mainly engaged in land or sea, hunting, supplemented by fishing and reindeer. To prey as the main source of income: the meat-eating, fur made clothes, oil for lighting and cooking, bone teeth to make tools and weapons. Men's hunting and housing, women's leather and sewing. Has been the use of modern fishing and hunting tools, and by motorboat in the sea hunting, but also engaged in fur trade. Increasingly white cultural influence, in the Greenland region has 80% of people have moved to small towns; emerged between rich and poor divide, the United States have the individual capitalists Eskimos. From the Bering Strait into Alaska, northern Canada, through the Greenland area Mongolians living in the Arctic Circle
Species of a group. Physically, culturally, have adapted to the Arctic life. Large face, cheek bone significantly prominent corner of the eye folds developed, short limbs, trunk and large, not only the morphology, physiology, and also to adapt to the cold. But the more prominent external nose, upper and lower jaw bones strong Yokobari the result bonnet is the same as the center line as the keel protruding, it looks like his face was pentagonal. Since overcoming the extreme environmental life, the anthropology attention.

最新回答 (3条回答)

(ಥ_ಥ) 6级
2010-01-30 回答
The Arctic Ocean in winter from November until the following year in April, up to 6 months. 5,6 month and 9,10 is the month of spring and autumn. 7,8 Only two months in summer. January's average temperature between -20 - 40 ℃. The warmest month in August the average temperature has only reached -8 ℃. Pole in the Arctic Ocean near the drifting station measured the lowest temperature is -59 ℃. As the ocean currents and the Arctic anti-cyclone, the Arctic is not the coldest place in the central Arctic Ocean. Intrinsic in Siberia Vilho Young has recorded a minimum temperature of -70 ℃, the prospect areas in Alaska have recorded -62 ℃ temperature. The more close to pole, polar weather and climate features of the more obvious. There, only a day and a night time a year. Even in midsummer, the sun hung far only on the horizon in the south, made a bleak white. The height of the sun rising from no more than 23.5 °, it is quietly around the immense white world slowly moving forward. A few months later, the sun's path gradually closer to the horizon, the evening began the season in the Arctic. Arctic ice has boundless, the long winter. The Arctic and the Antarctic as a very daytime and polar night phenomenon became more obvious near the North Pole. The Arctic winter is long, cold and dark from the year beginning November 23, nearly half a year will be the day the sun is completely invisible. Temperature dropped to minus 50 degrees Celsius. At this point all the waves and tides are missing, the coast has been frozen because of the wind wrapped in snow only four against. By April the weather slowly warms up and the gradual melting ice and snow chunks of ice began to melt, fragmentation, collision tremendous noise; brook gurgling of the water there; skies are brighter the sun shine on the earth. 5, in June of green plants were covered with animal life, become active and busy reproduce. In this season, the animals sufficient food available to the accumulation of adequate nutrition and fat to survive the long winter. Arctic fall very short in early September will be come the first snowstorm. The North Pole will soon return to the cold, dark winter. In the Arctic, the sun never rose less than a high altitude, even in mid-summer, the rising point of view it is not more than 23.5 degrees. The Arctic is generally 100-250 mm annual precipitation in Greenland waters up to 500 mm of precipitation concentrated in the coastal land on the main form of summer rain. 

Eskimo ancestors came from northern China, about Ten thousand years ago through the Bering Strait from Asia to the Americas, or through the ice of the strait bridge past. Eskimos belong to the east Asian nation, with American Indians The difference is that Asians have more features, they are contemporary with Asian people have some of the same cultural characteristics, such as the use of fire, tame dogs and certain special ceremonies Methods to live with the medical community to take a geographical group as a unit. Leaders are mostly shaman, line monogamy. There are stone houses, wooden and snow house. Housing half into the ground very low doorways. General dogs to pull sleds. Is mainly engaged in land or sea, hunting, supplemented by fishing and reindeer. To prey as the main source of income: the meat-eating, fur made clothes, oil for lighting and cooking, bone teeth to make tools and weapons. Men's hunting and housing, women's leather and sewing. Has been the use of modern fishing and hunting tools, and by motorboat in the sea hunting, but also engaged in fur trade. Increasingly white cultural influence, in the Greenland region has 80% of people have moved to small towns; emerged between rich and poor divide, the United States have the individual capitalists Eskimos. From the Bering Strait to Alaska, northern Canada, Greenland through the area of life in the Arctic Circle, a group of Mongoloids. Physically, culturally, have adapted to the Arctic life. Large face, cheek bone significantly prominent corner of the eye folds developed, short limbs, trunk and large, not only the morphology, physiology, and also to adapt to the cold. But the more prominent external nose, upper and lower jaw bones strong Yokobari with, because bonnet is the same as the center line as the keel protruding, it looks like his face was pentagonal. Since overcoming the extreme environmental life, the anthropology attention. 
玄参 9级
2010-01-30 回答
The Arctic Ocean in winter from November until the following year in April, up to 6 months. 5,6 month and 9,10 is the month of spring and autumn. 7,8 Only two months in summer. January's average temperature between -20 - 40 ℃. The warmest month in August the average temperature has only reached -8 ℃. Pole in the Arctic Ocean near the drifting station measured the lowest temperature is -59 ℃. As the ocean currents and the Arctic anti-cyclone, the Arctic is not the coldest place in the central Arctic Ocean. Intrinsic in Siberia Vilho Young has recorded a minimum temperature of -70 ℃, the prospect areas in Alaska have recorded -62 ℃ temperature. The more close to pole, polar weather and climate features of the more obvious. There, only a day and a night time a year. Even in midsummer, the sun hung far only on the horizon in the south, made a bleak white. The height of the sun rising from no more than 23.5 °, it is quietly around the immense white world slowly moving forward. A few months later, the sun's path gradually closer to the horizon, the evening began the season in the Arctic. Arctic ice has boundless, the long winter. The Arctic and the Antarctic as a very daytime and polar night phenomenon became more obvious near the North Pole. The Arctic winter is long, cold and dark from the year beginning November 23, nearly half a year will be the day the sun is completely invisible. Temperature dropped to minus 50 degrees Celsius. At this point all the waves and tides are missing, the coast has been frozen because of the wind wrapped in snow only four against. By April the weather slowly warms up and the gradual melting ice and snow chunks of ice began to melt, fragmentation, collision tremendous noise; brook gurgling of the water there; skies are brighter the sun shine on the earth. 5, in June of green plants were covered with animal life, become active and busy reproduce. In this season, the animals sufficient food available to the accumulation of adequate nutrition and fat to survive the long winter. Arctic fall very short in early September will be come the first snowstorm. The North Pole will soon return to the cold, dark winter. In the Arctic, the sun never rose less than a high altitude, even in mid-summer, the rising point of view it is not more than 23.5 degrees. The Arctic is generally 100-250 mm annual precipitation in Greenland waters up to 500 mm of precipitation concentrated in the coastal land on the main form of summer rain. 

Eskimo ancestors came from northern China, about Ten thousand years ago through the Bering Strait from Asia to the Americas, or through the ice of the strait bridge past. Eskimos belong to the east Asian nation, with American Indians The difference is that Asians have more features, they are contemporary with Asian people have some of the same cultural characteristics, such as the use of fire, tame dogs and certain special ceremonies Methods to live with the medical community to take a geographical group as a unit. Leaders are mostly shaman, line monogamy. There are stone houses, wooden and snow house. Housing half into the ground very low doorways. General dogs to pull sleds. Is mainly engaged in land or sea, hunting, supplemented by fishing and reindeer. To prey as the main source of income: the meat-eating, fur made clothes, oil for lighting and cooking, bone teeth to make tools and weapons. Men's hunting and housing, women's leather and sewing. Has been the use of modern fishing and hunting tools, and by motorboat in the sea hunting, but also engaged in fur trade. Increasingly white cultural influence, in the Greenland region has 80% of people have moved to small towns; emerged between rich and poor divide, the United States have the individual capitalists Eskimos. From the Bering Strait to Alaska, northern Canada, Greenland through the area of life in the Arctic Circle, a group of Mongoloids. Physically, culturally, have adapted to the Arctic life. Large face, cheek bone significantly prominent corner of the eye folds developed, short limbs, trunk and large, not only the morphology, physiology, and also to adapt to the cold. But the more prominent external nose, upper and lower jaw bones strong Yokobari with, because bonnet is the same as the center line as the keel protruding, it looks like his face was pentagonal. Since overcoming the extreme environmental life, the anthropology attention.
2010-01-30 回答
正确的是The Arctic Ocean in winter from November until the following year in April, up to 6 months. 5,6 month and 9,10 is the month of spring and autumn. 7,8 Only two months in summer. January's average temperature between -20 - 40 ℃. The warmest month in August the average temperature has only reached -8 ℃. Pole in the Arctic Ocean near the drifting station measured the lowest temperature is -59 ℃. As the ocean currents and the Arctic anti-cyclone, the Arctic is not the coldest place in the central Arctic Ocean. Intrinsic in Siberia Vilho Young has recorded a minimum temperature of -70 ℃, the prospect areas in Alaska have recorded the temperature -62 ℃. The more close to pole,
Polar weather and climate features of the more obvious. There, only a day and a night time a year. Even in midsummer, the sun is only hanging in the far south of the horizon, issued a bleak white. The height of the sun rising from no more than 23.5 °, it is quietly around the immense white world slowly moving forward. A few months later, the sun's path gradually closer to the horizon, the evening began the season in the Arctic. Arctic ice has boundless, the long winter. The Arctic and the Antarctic as a very day-and
Polar night phenomenon became more obvious near the North Pole. The Arctic winter is long, cold and dark from the year beginning November 23, nearly half a year will be the day the sun is completely invisible. Temperature dropped to minus 50 degrees Celsius. At this point all the waves and tides are missing, the coast has been frozen because of the wind wrapped in snow only four against. By April the weather slowly warms up and the gradual melting ice and snow chunks of ice began to melt, fragmentation, collision tremendous noise; brook gurgling of the water there; skies are brighter the sun shine on the earth. 5, June
Covered with green plant life, animals began to reproduce active and busy. In this season, the animals sufficient food available to the accumulation of adequate nutrition and fat to survive the long winter. Arctic fall very short in early September will be come the first snowstorm. The North Pole will soon return to the cold, dark winter. In the Arctic, the sun never rose less than a high altitude, even in mid-summer, the rising point of view it is not more than 23.5 degrees. In the Arctic is generally 100-250 mm annual precipitation in the Greenland waters up to 500 mm of precipitation concentrated in the coastal land on the main form of summer rain.
Eskimo ancestors came from northern China, about Ten thousand years ago through the Bering Strait from Asia to the Americas, or through the ice of the strait bridge past. Eskimos belong to the east Asian nation, with American Indians The difference is that Asians have more features, they are contemporary with Asian people have some of the same cultural characteristics, such as the use of fire, tame dogs and certain special ceremonies Methods to live with the medical community to take a geographical group as a unit. Leaders are mostly shaman, line monogamy. There are stone houses, wooden and snow house. Housing half into the ground very low doorways. General dogs to pull sleds.
Is mainly engaged in land or sea, hunting, supplemented by fishing and reindeer. To prey as the main source of income: the meat-eating, fur made clothes, oil for lighting and cooking, bone teeth to make tools and weapons. Men's hunting and housing, women's leather and sewing. Has been the use of modern fishing and hunting tools, and by motorboat in the sea hunting, but also engaged in fur trade. Increasingly white cultural influence, in the Greenland region has 80% of people have moved to small towns; emerged between rich and poor divide, the United States have the individual capitalists Eskimos. From the Bering Strait into Alaska, northern Canada, through the Greenland area Mongolians living in the Arctic Circle
Species of a group. Physically, culturally, have adapted to the Arctic life. Large face, cheek bone significantly prominent corner of the eye folds developed, short limbs, trunk and large, not only the morphology, physiology, and also to adapt to the cold. But the more prominent external nose, upper and lower jaw bones strong Yokobari the result bonnet is the same as the center line as the keel protruding, it looks like his face was pentagonal. Since overcoming the extreme environmental life, the anthropology attention.