牛津译林版英语八上(unit1-4)重点短语,句型

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8A Unit 4词组、句型及语法复习提纲

一、词组或短语

序号

Chinese

English

1

看起来味道很美

look delicious

2

第一次走出她的家门

go outside her home for the first time

3

长成……

grow into…

4

一天长达14个小时

for up to 14 hours a day

5

没有住的地方

have nowhere to live

6

处于危险之中

(be) in danger

7

把….拿走

take …. away

8

了解很多有关……

learn a lot about…

9

踩到一条蛇

step on a snake

10

生活在野外

live in the wild

11

将某人单独留下

leave sb. alone = leave sb. (all) by oneself

= leave sb. on one’s own

12

一直做某事

keep doing sth

/保持某人一直做某事

keep sb. doing sth.

坚持做某事(中间可停顿)

keep on doing sth.

阻止某人做某事

keep/stop/prevent sb. from doing sth.

13

一次海豚表演

a dolphin show

14

寻找,搜寻

hunt for = look for

15

在中午

at noon

16

生活区的丧失

(the) loss of living areas

17

用它们的骨头制成药

make medicine from their bones(看不出原材料)

用纸做成一个箱子

make a box out of paper (看出原材料)

18

对某人友好

be friendly to/towards sb.

19

如些..以致于..(常引导结果状从)

…..so/such …..that…….

以便;为了(常引导目的状从)

……. so that…….

20

砍下…..(代词放中间)

cut… down

21

(数量)变得越来越少

get smaller and smaller

22

采取行动做某事

take actions to do sth.

23

8个月前(常用于过去时)

eight months ago

8个月后(常用于过去时)

eight months later

24

做一个关于….的测试

give a test on….

25

在四个月的时候

at four months

26

….感兴趣(延续性)

be interested in

产生兴趣(短暂性)

become interested in

27

又生了一个婴儿

have another baby

28

保持某人安全并远离危险

keep sb. safe from danger

29

(有)足够的….来做….

enough ……for…..

= enough…… to do….

30

生存下去

stay alive = survive

31

转身而跑

run the other way

32

步行穿过雨林

walk through a rainforest

33

喂养动物(的过程)

the feeding of animals

34

一次去北京动物园的参观

a visit to Beijing Zoo

35

从水中捉鱼

catch fish from the water

36

一份关于野生生物的报告

a report on wild animals

37

独自生活

live alone=live (all) by oneself =live on one’s own

38

好的视力、听力和嗅觉

good eyesight, hearing and smell

39

取乐

for fun

40

由动物皮毛制成的衣服

clothes made of animal fur

41

失去某人的生命(死)

lose one’s life = die

42

其它人

someone else

43

占用土地

take the land

44

开发新的农田

make new farmland(s)

45

挣很多钱

make a lot of money

46

象牙

elephants’ tusks

47

继续做(相同的)事

continue to do sth.= continue doing sth.

= go on doing sth. = go on with sth.

继续做(不同的)事

go on to do sth.

48

黑白相间的

black and white

49

一次;每次

at a time

50

直立行走

walk upright

51

回到家

return home =come back home

归还

return …= give…back

52

四处运动

move around

53

在白天

in the daytime

54

以家庭形式生活

live as a family

以团队形式一起劳动

work as a team

(以家族以式)过群居生活

live in family groups

55

感到害怕

feel frightened = feel afraid

二、重点句子及句型

1. If I don’t have food, I die. If I die, no one will look after you.

2. Write a report on an animal in danger for the club newsletter.

★★3. I first saw the baby panda when she was only 10 days old.

= I saw the baby for the first time at the age of 10 days.

4. When Xi Wang was born, she weighed just 100 garms.当“希望”出生时,她只有100克。

5.Eight mother later,she was not a small baby any more.

★★6.At the very beginning, Xi Wang drank her mother’s milk for up to 14 hours a day.

7.When Xi Wang was 20 months old, she had to look after herself because her mother had another baby.

★★8.Sadly, it is very difficult for giant pandas to survive in the wild.

9.Here are some of the problems( that Xi Wang may have in the future.)

★★10.If farmers cut down trees and forests, giant pandas will have nowhere to live.★★11.Mothers often leave baby pandas for two whole days on their own.

★★12.We can take the following actions to protest giant pandas .

★★13. Encourage farmers to leave the giant panda reserves. 鼓励农民离开大熊猫保护区。

14. I will see some beautiful birds if I walk through a rainforest.

★★15. We call her Xi Wang. It means “hope”.

★★16. She started to go outside her home for the first time.

17. If hunters catch a giant panda, they will kill it for it’s fur.

18. If tigers live in the wild, they hunt for their own food.

★★19.Tigers live as a family if they have babies.

Wolves live in family groups if they are in the wild.狼在旷野中以家庭的形式群居。

★★20.They are in danger because people like their fur and make medicine from their bones.

21.I think you should not buy clothes (made of animal fur.

★★22.If farmers continue to make new farmland, wild animals won’t get enough food.

如果农民继续开辟新的农田,那么野生动物将得不到足够的食物。

★★23.Mother giant pandas have only one or two babies at a time.

★★24.Their number is getting smaller and smaller because their living areas are becoming farmland.他们的数量越来越少,因为他们的居住地正变成农田。

25.They seldom hurt people.它们很少伤害人。

26. If we do nothing, soon there will be no giant pandas in the world.

27. We are writing to you about protecting wild animals.

28. They do not kill for fun.

29. They are friendly towards each other and never attack people.

30. They look lovely on me.

31. Baby giant pandas spend a lot of time drinking their mums’ milk ----up to 14 hours a day.

32. What action(s) can the club take ?

三、语法:

条件状语从句

A.在表示假设情况的条件状语从句中中,主句用一般将来时,从句中用一般现在时表示将来,当 从句放在主句之前时,用逗号将从句与主句隔开,但当主句在前从句在后时,则不需要逗号。

If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, we will go fishing.

B.在表示一个客观事实或经常性有规律性的事实的条件状语从句中,主句与从句都用一般现在时。

If you step on a snake, it attacks you.

If I don’t have food, I die.