英语UP的用法!!!

要详细写出UP有几种意思,它的词组,它的用法!!!!

最佳答案
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2009-11-07 回答

“up”用法归纳

up具有两种词性:后边没有宾语或跟有其他介词时,up为副词,后边跟有宾语时,up为介词。

1.表示“向目的地”或“向说话人所在地”,如:

The bus couductor came up to me.(副词)

公共汽车售票员向我走来。(说话人所在地)

The main troops moved up to the front.(副词)

主力部队向前线开去。(目的地)

2.表示“向(在)上,向(在)北方,向(在)中心地带,向(在)住宅区”等,其反义词为down,如:

He's now up on the roof.(副词)他现在在房顶上。

They are climbing up the hill.(介词)他们正在登山。

His home is up in the North.(副词)他的家在北方。

The Red Army was then going up to resist the Japanese invaders.(副词)红军当时正北上抗日。

I'm going up to Beijing next week.(副词)下个星期我将到北京去。

They sailed up the river.(介词)他们向河的上游驶去。

The returned overseas Chinese travelled up the country.(介词)

那些归国华侨在内地旅行。

He's gone downtown shopping and he'll be(up)home in an hour.(副词)他进城去买东西去了,过一个小时就回来。

3.up跟road/street搭配时,有时不表示“向北,向上”,而表示:

①“沿着”,相当于down或along,如:

I was walking up/down/along the road.(介词)我沿着大街走。

②up有“向近处来”之意,down则有“向远处去”之意,如:

Just then I saw some students coming up the street.(介词)

正在那时,我看见一些学生朝这边走来。

I hurried down the steps and ran down the street trying to catch up with him.(该句中down是介词,up是动—副—介型多词动词里的小品副词)

我匆匆走下台阶,向街的远处跑去,想追上他。

4.be up表示①起床;②结束

Is he up yet?他起床了吗? No,he isn't.没有。

Time's up.(-The time is up.)时间到了。

When is your leave up?你的休假到期了吗?

5.up to将近(=nearly)

A walking fish can stay outside of the water for up to twelve hours.

会走的鱼能在水外呆将近12小时。

6.be up to sb.to do sth.

表示“由某人负责做某事”。如:

It was up to me to get the four of us moving.

该由我负责使我们四人行动起来。

It is up to you to decide.这得由你决定。

7.跟动词连用表示多种意义,如:

①跟某些动词连用,表示“向上,起来”之意,如:

set up搭起 sit up坐起来 sail up驶向上游

stand up站起来 climb up爬上 go up上升

pick up捡起 pull up拔出 get up起床

pile up堆起 screw up鼓起 look up举目

crawl up爬上 move up向上移动 rush up向上冲

②跟某些动词连用表示“(使)处于,保持在高处”之意,如:hang(keep,stop,tie,fix,stay)up挂(保持,停,捆,固定,呆)在上面

③跟某些及物动词连用,表示“把……完成或破坏掉”之意,如:

cover up盖上 drink up喝完 cut up砍掉

dry up弄干 eat up吃光 wash up洗掉

fill up装满 light up照亮 make up组成

pack up包上 tear up撕掉 tie up捆上

use up用完 catch up赶上 burn up烧掉

shut up将……关起来 lock up把……锁起来

clean up把……收拾干净 wrap up把……包起来

④跟某些动词连用,各有其意,有的还一词多义。如:

sit/stay up开夜车 ring/call up打电话

do up 1)修缮 2)修理 3)打包,装罐 4)梳理,盘(发)5)整形,装饰6)扣好(女衫)7)破产,完蛋 8)痛打

take up 1)拿起 2)让……上车 3)吸收,溶解 4)开始从事采取……态度,养成……习惯 5)占去(时间,地方,注意力) 6)接过别人事 7)接受别人的挑战等 8)(学校)开学,上课 9)抓住要点

up跟动词连用构成短语动词时,均是副词。

最新回答 (4条回答)

2009-11-07 回答
up
副词 ad. 
1. 向上,往上;向楼上
They hung the map up. 
他们把地图挂起来。 2. 在上面;在楼上
She lives two floors up. 
她住在再往上两层。 3. (价格、水平等)上升,上扬
Prices for consumer goods are going up. 
消费品价格在上涨。 4. (姿态)直立地;起床;起来 5. 在北方;向北方
He drove up north. 
他驾车向北驶去。 6. 向前;靠近
He came up to me and asked my name. 
他走到我面前,问我叫什么名字。 7. (程度)增加,增大
Speak up so that everybody can hear you. 
讲得响些,让大家都能听见。 8. 彻底地,完全地
To my surprise, she drank up the whole bottle of wine. 
使我惊奇的是她把一瓶酒全喝了。 9. 紧紧地
介词 prep. 
1. 向...上,往...上 2. 在...之上
Her room is up those stairs. 
她的房间在那边楼上。 3. 向...的上游;沿着
She walked up the path. 
她沿着小路走。 4. 【英】【口】到;在
形容词 a. [Z]
1. 向上的;上行的[B]
The chart shows an up trend of meat prices. 
图表显示肉价呈上升趋势。 2. (道路)在整修的[F] 3. (电脑)在工作的[F] 4. 被控告的,上法庭的[F]
He was up for slander. 
他被控犯有诽谤罪而出庭。 
名词 n. [C]
1. 上升;向上的坡 2. 上行车 3. 走运;繁荣
I hope I'll have more ups in the future. 
我希望将来走运些。 
及物动词 vt. 【口】
1. 提高;增加
The price of sugar has been upped. 
糖价已经提高。 2. 举起;拿起
不及物动词 vi. 
1. 【口】(后接and和另一动词)突然站起
She upped and slapped him in the face. 
她霍地跳起来打了他一记耳光。 
up-
前缀 pref. 
1. 表示"向上";"在上";"起来";"向高处"
2009-11-07 回答
up
副词 ad. 
1. 向上,往上;向楼上
They hung the map up. 
他们把地图挂起来。 2. 在上面;在楼上
She lives two floors up. 
她住在再往上两层。 3. (价格、水平等)上升,上扬
Prices for consumer goods are going up. 
消费品价格在上涨。 4. (姿态)直立地;起床;起来 5. 在北方;向北方
He drove up north. 
他驾车向北驶去。 6. 向前;靠近
He came up to me and asked my name. 
他走到我面前,问我叫什么名字。 7. (程度)增加,增大
Speak up so that everybody can hear you. 
讲得响些,让大家都能听见。 8. 彻底地,完全地
To my surprise, she drank up the whole bottle of wine. 
使我惊奇的是她把一瓶酒全喝了。 9. 紧紧地
介词 prep. 
1. 向...上,往...上 2. 在...之上
Her room is up those stairs. 
她的房间在那边楼上。 3. 向...的上游;沿着
She walked up the path. 
她沿着小路走。 4. 【英】【口】到;在
形容词 a. [Z]
1. 向上的;上行的[B]
The chart shows an up trend of meat prices. 
图表显示肉价呈上升趋势。 2. (道路)在整修的[F] 3. (电脑)在工作的[F] 4. 被控告的,上法庭的[F]
He was up for slander. 
他被控犯有诽谤罪而出庭。 
名词 n. [C]
1. 上升;向上的坡 2. 上行车 3. 走运;繁荣
I hope I'll have more ups in the future. 
我希望将来走运些。 
及物动词 vt. 【口】
1. 提高;增加
The price of sugar has been upped. 
糖价已经提高。 2. 举起;拿起
不及物动词 vi. 
1. 【口】(后接and和另一动词)突然站起
She upped and slapped him in the face. 
她霍地跳起来打了他一记耳光。 
up-
前缀 pref. 
1. 表示"向上";"在上";"起来";"向高处"
up.
缩写词 abbr. 
1. =underproof(ed)(ing) 2. =unpaged 3. =upper
以下结果来自互联网网络释义 up
1. 向上;起床,起来
大学英语四级考试大纲词汇表(U-Z)_大学...
up ad.向上;起床,起来
http://e.3edu.net/CET...
UP
1. 不饱和聚酯
塑料、树脂缩写代号--机械 - 中华微电机...
 UP 不饱和聚酯
http://www.wdj888.cn/... 2. 不饱和树脂
常见塑料名称代号对照表
 UP 不饱和树脂
shelley 10级
2009-11-07 回答

up 1.向上 2.向上,增加 3.表示向上 4.向上地

UP 1.方向上键 2.向上键

break up 1.中止,结束;打碎,折断 2.印终止,结束;打碎,粉碎;散开,驱散

take up 1.占去,占据;开始从事 2.拿起;着手处理;占去

give up 1.放弃 2.停止,放弃

IE1 杨鹏 7级
2009-11-07 回答
与up搭配的短语动词

1.break up 打碎,拆散;分解,腐蚀(及物或不及物)
    Although the sea breaks up the waste, beaches may become polluted.
    虽然大海可以把粪便冲散,但海滨可能受到污染。[SEFC 3A]
    The word can be broken up into four syllables. 这个词可以分成四个音节。


    2.bring up 抚养;教育(及物)
    Chaplin, who was brought up by his mother learnt to dance at an early age.
    卓别林很小时就学会了跳舞。他是由母亲带大的。


    3.build up 逐步建立;增强(及物或不及物)
    Her husband had built up a large business during his lifetime.
    她丈夫在世时创立了一个大企业。[SEFC 3B]
    You must build up your health. 你必须增强你的体质。


    4.catch up 赶上(with)(及物,通常不用作被动语态)
    He began to catch up with Jim.他开始赶上吉姆
    You go on ahead;I will catch you up in a few minutes.你先走,我几分钟就会赶上你的


    5.clear up 整理,收拾(及物);放晴(不及物)
    Nobody clears it up at the end of the day. 傍晚时也无人清扫。[SEFC 2A]
    The weather cleared up after a heavy storm. 在一场暴风雨之后,天气晴朗起来


    6.climb up 爬上(及物或不及物)
    Jim is climbing up the ladder. 吉姆正在爬梯子呢。


    7.come up 走上;走过来;走近;抬头;上升;上来;被提出来(不及物)
    Come up these steps with me, please, and be careful.请跟我上台阶,小心点。
    He soon comes up for breath.(台词说明) 很快他(从水里)抬起头来呼吸。
    He came up to them and asked in English. 他朝他们走过来,并用英语问道。
    The question came up at the meeting whether we had enough money for our research.
    我们是否有足够的科研资金,这个问题在会上被提了出来。


    8.cut up 齐根割掉;切碎(及物)
    "I'm cutting this tree up", answered the woodcutter.“我在劈柴呢。”樵夫答道。


    9.divide up 分配(多作及物)
    The lawyer explained how my aunt's money was to be divided up.
    律师对我姑妈的钱财如何分配的问题作了说明。


    10.dress up 穿上盛装,乔装打扮(及物或不及物)
    Mr Green sometimes dressed up in a red coat.
    有时格林先生穿上红衣(打扮成圣诞老人)。
   He hated being dressed up. 他不愿穿得那么正式。


11.eat up 吃完(光);吞没(及物);尽情地吃(不及物)
I ate up all the food I could find in the fridge.我吃完了能在冰箱里找到的食物。
There's plenty for everyone, so eat up!吃的东西多得很,大家尽情地吃吧!
The house was eaten up by flames in no time. 房子倾刻被火吞没。


12.end up 结束;告终(及物或不及物,无被动态。非正式用语)
It is probable that one day we will end up with a disability.
很可能某一天我们会变成残废。


13.fix up 安顿;安装;修理好(及物或不及物)
Will you help me fix up this sheet?你帮我搭好这块遮阴布好吗?
We were fixed up for the night in a hotel. 我们被安顿在一个旅馆过夜。


14.fold up 折起(及物);破产;塌下(不及物)
These are folded up inside the satellite. 这些(帆板)都折叠在卫星内部。
The business finally folded up last week. 这家企业终于在上周倒闭了。


15.get up 起床;起立(及物或不及物)
Jim! Jim! It's time to get up! 吉姆!吉姆!该起床了! 
After they had eaten their lunch, Hank lit a cigar and got up.
他们吃完中餐,汉克点燃一支雪茄,站起身来。


16.give up 放弃(及物)
One habit he can't give up is smoking. 他不能放弃的一个习惯就是吸烟。


17.go up 上升;建造(不及物或及物,无被动语态)
I believe prices might go up next week. 我认为价格在下周可能会上升
How many houses have gone up this year?    今年兴建了多少房屋?


18.grow up 成长;发展(不及物)
Do they grow up by themselves?他们是自己长大的吗?
New cities grow up in the desert. 新的城市在沙漠中崛起。


19.hold up 举起(及物);阻挡,使停顿(及物或不及物)
If it is possible, hold up the part of the body which is bleading.
如有可能,就把出血的那个部位抬起来。
Sorry, I'm late. I was held up by the traffic.对不起,我来晚了。交通堵塞耽搁了。


20.hurry up 赶快(不及物);催促(及物)(口语用语)
Please hurry up!请快点!
I tried to hurry him up, but he wouldn't walk any faster.
我催他快走,但他就是不肯快一点。