Members tourists, and now our car is driving on the Badaling Expressway, the soon to enter the forthcoming visit of Badaling scenic. In front of the mountain is the military are mountains, Badaling Great Wall on entrenched in this mountain. In the Spring and Autumn period, China's ancient people had already started to build the Great Wall, that when the princes hegemony, in order to protect their territory from being violated, so their borders have built the Great Wall, called each other against the Great Wall.
In China, there have been a three peaks of the Great Wall built, namely, the Qin Great Wall, Han Great Wall, Ming Great Wall. In 221 BC, Qin Shi Huang unified the Central Plains and established the Qin Dynasty, in order to strengthen the rule of the defense of the invasion of the northern nomads, so sending generals Mengtian 300,000 troops and a lot of labor to the original north Yan, Zhao and Qin Great Wall, even up, and be expanded, which lasted nine years, built a west Lintao stretching thousands of miles east to Liaodong the Great Wall, which is the first Great Wall in Chinese history. To the Han Dynasty, Emperor Wu also to strengthen the defense, the "degree of non-Jiao Hu Ma Yin Mountains", the construction of a nearly two thousands of miles of the Great Wall, which also protects the newly developed Silk Road, Han Dynasty Great Wall in the Qin Great Wall is a cutting-edge positions and defensive line, which the west in Xinjiang, the east to Liaodong, the history of China's longest dynasties built the Great Wall. The Ming Great Wall is China's history, the peak of the Great Wall built, works great, refined technology is unique. That year the emperor unified the country to establish the Ming Dynasty in the process of adopting a "high building the wall, wide grain, slow kings" proposal. Although the Yuan dynasty has been destroyed at that time, but has maintained a relatively complete military strength, coupled with the gradual rise of the Jurchen constant harassment, it began building the Great Wall. A large-scale construction of the Ming Dynasty Great Wall has reached 18 times, to the Ming dynasty was basically completed, the east side of Tiger Mountain, Liaoning Dandong Yalu River, west to Jiayuguan in Gansu length of 6350 kilometers of Ming Great Wall. Ming Great Wall has three features, building structure is complete, well-managed, layout tight. Today, as we have seen the Great Wall of Badaling Great Wall is the next part of it. The Great Wall in ancient China, although the original purpose of defense, but it also played a role in the other. The first is the military role, and the second is the economic role, not only promoted the development of Mita and northern economic development, but also the Central Plains people live and work, the third is to promote the integration of various nationalities. In addition, it protects the communication and promotion of the opening. It is worth mentioning that in ancient China, not just the experience of these three built the Great Wall, according to statistics, in the bottom two thousand years, there have been more than 20 countries and the feudal vassal dynasties have built over the Great Wall, it was made a rough calculation of , if the Great Wall turned into a high 5 meters, 1 meter thick walls, around the circle the Earth more than 10 are off. Well-known folk tales: the flames of drama, and Meng Jiangnu crying princes also took place in the Great Wall on the Great Wall. Now, after finishing the Great Wall after a few basic resumed previous appearance in 1987 was listed by UNESCO as "World Heritage List," and it is in the world today Zhenさbranded Monkey Joe Beam Sword "Tilia Agent Song Night? six regions, full-length reached 10.8 thousands of miles.
Just now we are through the road is located off ditch. Closed groove is the Yanshan Mountains and the military are Mountains intersect, south from the South Town, Changping District, Yanqing County, northwest of the Badaling Great Wall Chengguan length of 40 years. Is the Central Plains region of the throat arteries leading to the northwest plateau. The Ming Dynasty in the deployment of four lines of defense, namely, South Side, off, Juyongguan, the customs, Badaling. In the trench in the Emerald off the mountain, there was gold on behalf of one of the famous eight scenic wonders of the Yenching: Guyan Emerald Unfortunately, the landscape no longer exists.
We have just seen that railway is the Chinese people by our own designed and built the first railway designed by Beijing-Zhang Zhan Tianyou rail. Because of the complex topography of the Badaling area, technical difficulties, so it designed by Zhan Tianyou herringbone railway, successfully resolved the car can not be directly climbing and turning-related problems and get through up to 1091 meters of the tunnel also makes people gasp in admiration abroad . Now establish the Tsing Lung Bridge railway station is a bronze statue of Zhan Tianyou, and there are monuments. Guan ditch because of Juyongguan known, we can see in front of the building is magnificent Juyongguan, its name originated in the Qin Dynasty to Emperor of movement, "Yong-believers" to live here, so its name. In the off period, there is a well-known white marble Shitai is PTZ. It is one of the Yuan Dynasty ridden street tower, above that there are three Tibetan-style pagoda, in the subsequent earthquake destroyed. Ming again in situ] established the Tai-ji, while in the Kangxi reign has been destroyed, leaving only now we have seen, column bases and column look. PTZ an area of 310 square meters, with a coupon off the stage door engraved with lions, elephants, Sibu Xiang, Garuda and other relief, representing the Buddhist Tantric Buddha's throne five-five, as well as Tian Long Ba Bu law-enforcement relief gods. There are four kings on the inner wall reliefs and sacred animal patterns, coupons on top was also covered with mandala patterns are flowers engraved with Buddha statues, a total of 2215. There are six kinds of text engraved the "Dharani Jing Zhou" and "build towers merit in mind", these are works of art in the Yuan Dynasty, with a high artistic value.
Ming Great Wall in Badaling Great Wall is an outstanding representative, because this is easily accessible, it becomes Badaling. You may ask, why talk about the Great Wall built here? In fact, this was mainly due to the Badaling region's key geographical location. It is not only guarding the Ming Tombs, but also the capital of the north-west door.
Badaling Great Wall is the witness of many historical events, such as the Empress Dowager Xiao Xun Xing, Yuan Taizu into the customs, the Empress Dowager Cixi fled west, etc., the Badaling is the road after all. Having said that, there is a story to tell you: East Gate is located off the city street, there is a rock legend in 1900, Eight-scored in Beijing, Empress in the West to escape the way through here, who stood stone Looking back on the capital, so this piece of stone also called Wangjing stone. But now this piece of stone has not been so impressive.
There is a saying, we must all know: Less than the Great Wall of non-hero. Has just introduced so many landscapes, you must be eager to come to visit some scenic spots, do not worry, soon you must become a hero. Well, here is the famous Badaling Great Wall, the distance is the magnificent scenery, but look down the Great Wall is an important part of Weng city, he built the terrain is generally advantageous to Road Transport. Wengcheng 63.9 meters distance between the two, Simon plaque: North Gate lock and key, I have already talked about. East Gate of the plaque as follows: Guyan outside the town, which means another town outside Juyongguan. Now we delegate the right to see, at the mouth of the south side of the city board display with a cannon, named: Shenwei Great General. Yes Chongzhen manufactured.
Badaling Great Wall, there are three two walls composed of two walls do what is three? Now let me explain to you, three are city units, enemy units, of which the city sets a very simple structure, but the officers and men stationed in sheltered cold place. That enemy units is necessary to complex the structure is relatively divided into two layers, the lower from the field, wells, back, and so shape the composition of the upper hole with Embrasure and hope to observe military and archery use, so there is also a defensive function .
Here's to the beacon tower, known as Feng Sui, wolves Yantai. Are not connected to the independence and building the Great Wall. Once the enemy attacks, the military briefing on the ignition flame, lit cigarette during the day award the ancients called Feng night called sui. When the Ming Dynasty, but also on the relationship between the flames and the enemy were strict rules: one hundred enemies, burning a smoke point of a gun; five whites, two guns fired two smoke point; thousand more than three cigarettes three guns; 5000 or more, four smoke four guns; million people in more than five cigarettes five guns. On this way, at the border of the military be able to rapidly transfer to the Imperial Ouchi.
Finished the three, the following is what the two walls. The outer wall of the Great Wall called the dispatch wall, there is Embrasure is used to defense the enemy. The inside is less than one meter high called the parapet, also known as Yu wall. In the beginning there is no parapet of the inside of the Great Wall, but often people would fall off a cliff, so we built this wall. In the Great Wall where every foot of the wall not far from there is a small ditch, when the rain Tap spit out by the drainage, so water-washed walls. The Great Wall, the wall which blocks the use of cast stone, and outside the puzzle on the bricks, stone slabs on top again, so that the construction is very strong!