英语动物谚语研究性学习

我要做英语研究性学习,主题是英语动物谚语,那位大哥大姐教我一下,最好写个初稿,写得好加50分!!!

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匿名用户 6级
2009-07-31 回答

“纸老虎”,译成 paper tiger. “狐假虎威”,译为 the tiger behind the fox. 还有:“一燕不成夏”,译成:One swallow does not make a summer. 这句话的意思相当于 It is unwise to form a judgment on the basis of a single instance. 英译后,既保留了原谚语的本意,又恰当地传达了寓意(做事或判断不能太片面),外国人看后也能理解和接受。

不宜用直译的谚语,可采用意译或加注的方法。如:“牵马河边易,逼它引水难”,译成:You may take a horse to the water, but you can’t make it drink. 这句谚语在翻译时采用了直译加意译的手法,意思相当于 Good suggestions can be made but people cannot be forced to do what they don’t want to. “驴子扇耳朵”,译成 All asses wag their ears, 意思相当于 sb. who is ignorant pretends to know much. 即无知装聪明。更多的实例如下:

⑴ 浑水摸鱼:to fish in troubled waters

⑵ 吠犬不咬人:Barking dogs do not bite.

⑶ 好鱼居深渊:The best fish swim near bottom.

⑷ 一石二鸟(一箭双雕):To kill tow birds with one stone.

⑸ 骑虎难下:To ride the tiger.

⑹ 披着羊皮的狼:A wolf in sheep’s clothing.

⑺ 掉鳄鱼泪:To shed crocodile tears.

⑻ 纸老虎:Paper tiger

⑼ 驴子扇耳朵,无知装聪明:All asses wag their ears

⑽ 同时追两兔,全都抓不住:If you run after two hares, you will catch neither.

比如:“掉鳄鱼泪”,译成:To shed crocodile tears. 为了更确切地表达原意,可采用加注的方法,掉鳄鱼泪即假慈悲,类似的说法还有“猫哭耗子-假慈悲”,英文相当于 sb. pretend to be sad about sth, but they are not really sad at all.。

⑴ 初生牛犊不怕虎:Fools rush in where angels fear to tread.

⑵ 狗嘴吐不出象牙:A filthy mouth can’t utter decent language.

⑶ 心猿意马:To have a head like a sieve

⑷ 鸦雀无声:Be utterly quiet (or: dead silence)

⑸ 不入虎穴,焉得虎子:Nothing venture, nothing have.

⑹ 鸡飞蛋打:Fall between two tools

⑺ 塞翁失马,安知非福?A loss many turn out to be a gain.

⑻ 黔驴技穷:A fool’s bolt is soon shot.

⑼ 呆若木鸡:Clutch up

⑽ 守株待兔:Waiting for gains without pains.

谚语中动物词汇遗漏指汉语的谚语中有动物词汇,但是由于文化内涵不同,人的思维方式有差异,因此这些谚语在译成英语后,为保留其英语谚语的特色,动物词汇消失,相对应的英语谚语中不再有动物词汇。这些谚语大致涵义相同,各有其别致新颖之处,各自反映了自己文化的特色。

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匿名用户 1级
2014-01-02 回答
我也在做,可是我不会。