在英语中什么情况下要用“of”以及用法。

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晴天 9级
2009-07-30 回答
介词of用法归纳 
1: 表示剥夺,除去 

deprive sb. of his right 剥夺某人的权力(人身自由) 

denude sb. of his possession (hope) 掠夺他的财产(希望/土地) 

divest the baby of his clothes 脱孩子的衣服 

rid him of this fear; rob sb. of his wallet 使他摆脱恐惧;抢他的钱包 

defraud sb. of gold ring 诈骗某人的金戒指 

cure sb. of cancer; heal sb. of cancer 治愈某人的癌症疾病 

purify the nation clean the jar of crust 清洗罐子的外壁 

clarify the river of flowing rubbish 清除河里的浮游垃圾 

--get rid of, rid of, dispose of 去掉,除去,处理 

"OF" 之前的是名词或人称代词,强调主体在前.你可以好好捉摸一下. 

2: of接直接宾语,以下都是固定用法.不管是口语还是书面语都可以用到. 

-告诉-tell sb. of sth.,inform sb. of sth ,warn sb. of fire 
告诉某人什么事,通知某人什么事,警告某人着火了 

remind sb. of his duties, acquaint sb. of sth.,notify of.. 
提醒某人做某事,通知某人做某事,通报某人什么事 

-其他,劝服-persuade sb. of honesty, assure sb. of the best seats, convince sb. of sth. 
劝说某人要诚实,确保某人得到最好的座位,使某人信服什么事 

-法律词汇-accuse sb. of burglary ; convict sb. of murder; suspect sb. of a theft 
控告某人入室行窃;证明某人是凶手;怀疑某人是小偷 

-reassure his wife of his safe arrival 
反复向他的妻子保证,他会安全抵达. 

3: of接间接宾语, 就是把宾语放在OF之前,英语中就这样写,但中文翻译还得再翻译回来,就是强调重点不一样,写法也不一样. 

request sth. of sb., expect sth. of sb., require sth. of 
sb.-要求某人做某事,期待某人做某事,命令某人做某事 

ask a question of sb. ,向某人问什么; 
be fearful of mistakes, be jealous of wealthy persons , 
be reminiscent of his past, be patient of the enormous 
noise ,be guilty of robbery, be innocent of robbery 这些都是BE动词的OF短语,要求记下来.比如,害怕犯错误,嫉妒别人的财富,回忆往事,容忍巨大的噪音,犯有抢劫罪,无抢劫罪 


4: of表示人物的特性,籍贯,特性或出生等 

He is of Irish descend (ascent) 他是爱尔兰人的后代 

People of obscure origin (humble /noble)不好区分人们的出身(卑贱的人/贵族) 

Man of keen perception, 泛指男人有敏锐的理解力 
a man of moral integrity,特指一个男人的道德水平高 

5: 固定词组 

-say of, tale of, hear of, think of, learn of, savor of 

The room smells of stale cabbage.这个房间到处弥漫着烂卷心菜的臭味. 

-brag of his achievements.自夸他自己的成就 
Boast of his children.炫耀自己的孩子 

beware of pickpockets ,approve of the program 
小心扒手, 满意这个节目 
doubt of success, complain of poor management 
怀疑某人的成功, 因管理不善而投诉 
-be sure of ,be suspicious of, be aware of 
确信某事, 怀疑某事,意识到某事 
be confident of ,be proud of ,be ashamed of 
有信心作某事,自豪作某事,感到惭愧 
be afraid of, be capable of, be lack of 
害怕做某事, 能够做某事,缺少什么 
be critical of, be shortly of, be conscious of 
不满什么,缺乏什么,知道什么 
be ignorant of, be wary of, be cautious of 
不知道什么, 提防什么,谨慎什么 
be appreciative of your advice 感激某人的建议 

-regardless of , irrespective of ,不管….无视 

in favor of 有利于 

decide on three most popular leisure activities 
irrespective of age. 不考虑实际年龄,还是决定去参与三项最流行的休闲活动.(例如老年人都已经80岁了,还是决定参加攀岩,跳伞,潜水这些年轻人最流行的休闲方式.)

最新回答 (4条回答)

2009-07-30 回答
介词 prep. 
1. ...的,属于
One of the legs of the table is broken. 
桌子的一条腿坏了。 
Mr. Brown is a friend of mine. 
布朗先生是我的朋友。 2. 用...做成的;由...制成
The house is of stone. 
这房子是石建的。 3. 含有...的;装有...的 4. ...之中的;...的成员
Of all the students in this class, Tom is the best. 
在这个班级中,汤姆是最优秀的。 5. (表示同位)
He came to New York at the age of ten. 
他在十岁时来到纽约。 6. (表示宾格关系)
He gave a lecture on the use of solar energy. 
他就太阳能的利用作了一场讲演。 7. (表示主格关系)
We waited for the arrival of the next bus. 
我们等待下一班汽车的到来。 
I have the complete works of Shakespeare. 
我有莎士比亚全集。 8. 来自...的;出自
He was a graduate of the University of Hawaii. 
他是夏威夷大学的毕业生。 9. 因为
Her son died of hepatitis. 
她儿子因患肝炎而死。 10. 在...方面
My aunt is hard of hearing. 
我姑妈耳朵有点聋。 11. 【美】(时间)在...之前 12. (表示具有某种性质)
2009-07-30 回答
介词of用法归纳(介词) 


1:表示剥夺,除去 

一:deprive sb. of his right 

denude sb. of his possession (hope) 

divest the baby of his clothes 

rid him of this fear rob sb. of his wallet 

defraud sb. of gold ring 

cure sb. of cancer heal sb. of cancer 

purify the nation clean the jar of crust 

clarify the river of flowing rubbish 

--get rid of, rid of, dispose of 

2:of接直接宾语 

-告诉-tell sb. of sth. inform sb. of sth warn sb. of fire 

remind sb. of his duties acquaint sb. of sth. notify of.. 

-其他,劝服-persuade sb. of honesty assure sb. of the best seats convince sb. of sth. 

-法律词汇-accuse sb. of burglary convict sb. of murder; suspect sb. of a theft 

-reassure his wife of his safe arrival 

3:of接间接宾语 

request sth. of sb. expect sth. of sb. require sth. of sb. 

ask a question of sb. be fearful of mistakes be jealous of wealthy persons be reminiscent of his 
past be patient of the enormous noise be guilty of robbery be innocent of robbery 

4:of表示人物的特性,籍贯,特性或出生等 

He is of Irish descend (ascent) 

People of obscure origin (humble /noble) 

Man of keen perception a man of moral integrity 

5:固定词组 

-say of, tale of, hear of, think of, learn of, savor of 

The room smells of stale cabbage. 

-brag of his achievements. Boast of his children 

beware of pickpockets approve of the program 

doubt of success complain of poor management 

-be sure of be suspicious of be aware of 

be confident of be proud of be ashamed of 

be afraid of be capable of be lack of 

be critical of be shortly of be conscious of 

be ignorant of be wary of be cautious og 

be appreciative of your advice 

-regardless of , irrespective of ,不管….无视 

in favor of 

decide on three most popular leisure 

activities irrespective of age 

介词Under 

表示处于…状态之下,接受… 

preparations are under way. 

a road under repair 

books under the care of librarian 

a patient under emergency treatment 

a matter under consideration 

a program under discussion 

plants under attack of insects 

a curiosity under the escort of police 

a country under threat of terrorists 

a curiosity under the escort of police 

a land under cultivation 

a murderer under arrest 

unequal treaties made under duress 

a maiden under the control of the mechanic 

a statesman under illusion about sth. 

a principle under stress (pressure) 

an employee under a constant emotional strain 

plans under the conduct of teacher 

embark on the scheme under compulsion 

under the stimulus of the hope 

under for the match under false name
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匿名用户 2级
2009-07-30 回答

表示人或物对某种东西的所有,如the book of Cesar Cesar的书

表示从属或被包含于,也属于所有范畴,如the sports department of our university;the king of the kings 万王之王

一般使用都是表示占有的,但是为了避免重复可以与表示所有的's配合使用,如the god of Victor's mother's

不知道理解的对不对,期待别人的答案~

2009-07-30 回答

prep. 1. (属于)…的; 例句: the king of England英格兰国王

2. 含有…的,装有…的: 例句: a book of pictures一本画册 a glass of water一杯水

3. 由…组成: 例句: a meal of bread and water只有面包和白开水的一顿饭

4. 在…之中的: 例句: a member of the football team一名足球队员

5. 由…制成: 例句: a bridge of wood一座木桥

6. [表示日期、时间] the 2nd of June 6月2日 例句: It's 10 (minutes) of 6.现在是6点差10分钟。

7. [表示距离、方向、分隔、 离开等]: 例句: within half a mile of the park离公园半英里以内   east of the city 城市以东

8. [表示由来, 起源,出处]从, 来自…的: 例句: a girl of the nobility贵族小姐

 9. [表示原因、理由、动机等]由于,因为: 例句: to die of hunger死于饥饿

10. [表示具有某种性质、状况]: 例句: a man of tact一个老练的人 a plan of great decision一项重大决策 11. [表示同位] 例句: the art of photo taking摄影艺术

 12. [表示相似]: 例句: the idiot of a brother那个白痴兄弟

13. [表示数量或种类]: 例句: 300 square metres of grass land 300平方米草坪 colours of light五光十色的色彩

14. [表示部分或全部]: 例句: one of us我们之中的一人  the whole sum of ours我们所有的钱

15. [表示动作的主体] 例句: the shooting of a football player足球运动员的射门

16. [表示动作的对象] 例句: protection of natural circumstances保护自然环境

17. [表示年龄或友谊关系等的持续时间]: 例句: a friend of 50 years有50年交情的老友

18. 在…期间: 例句: He always likes to go swimming of an evening.他总喜欢晚上去游泳。

 19. [表示免除、剥夺等]: 例句: to cure him of a disease医好他的病

 20. 关于,与…有关: 例句: the talks of peace和平谈话 the time of arrival到达的时间

21. 用于…的: 例句: a day of rest休息日

22. 对于, 由…感到(或作出的): 例句: one's fear of an umbrella对雨伞的恐惧 the whistling of a cold wind寒风的怒号

23. 由…所著(或所作、所画等)的: 例句: the plays of Shakespeare莎士比亚的戏剧

24. (艺术、文学作品等)以…为主题的: 例句: a painting of figure一幅人体画

25. 在…处(或地方)的: 例句: a student of Harvard哈佛大学学生

 26. 在…方面: 例句: be fleet of foot走路快,捷足的

 27. 在…中较(或最)突出的: 例句: picture of pictures最好的图片

28. 在…一方: 例句: It was very mean of you to hit your wife.你打妻子, 太卑鄙了。

29. [用于表示厌烦、厌倦等的形容词之后]对…;对于;关于

 30. [古语]被(=by): 例句: to be consumed of worms被虫子吃掉了

31. [古语]对着,向着

 

和of有关的词组:

of course..当然 | 当然,自然 | 当然,自然,无疑 | 当然可以 of course..当然 | 当然,自然 | 当然,自然,无疑 | 当然可以 of late 近来 of little account 不重要的,价值不大的 ... in the course of 在…过程中,在…期间 by courtesy of 蒙…的好意(或准许),蒙…提供(或赠送);由于…的作用 ... a lot (of) 许多(的),大量(的) lots of 大量,许多 lose sight of看不见;忽略 ahead of 在...之前 ahead of time 提前 ... ahead of领先;在...前面 think of 考虑 think of…as 认为…是 ... back of 在…的后面,在…的背后 dispose of 处理,解决;去掉,丢掉,除掉 dream of 梦到;梦想,向往 because of 由于,因为 be care of=look out当心、小心 ... on the basis of 根据,在…的基础上 on behalf of 代表,为了 ...