寻孙子吴起列传翻译

魏与赵攻韩,韩告急於齐。齐使田忌将而往,直走大梁。魏将庞涓闻之,去韩而归,齐军既已过而西矣。孙子谓田忌曰:「彼三晋之兵素悍勇而轻齐,齐号为怯,善战者因其势而利导之。兵法,百里而趣利者蹶上将,五十里而趣利者军半至。使齐军入魏地为十万灶,明日为五万灶,又明日为三万灶。」庞涓行三日,大喜,曰:「我固知齐军怯,入吾地三日,士卒亡者过半矣。」乃弃其步军,与其轻锐倍日并行逐之。孙子度其行,暮当至马陵。马陵道陜,而旁多阻隘,可伏兵,乃斫大树白而书之曰「庞涓死于此树之下」。於是令齐军善射者万弩,夹道而伏,期曰「暮见火举而俱发」。庞涓果夜至斫木下,见白书,乃鉆火烛之。读其书未毕,齐军万弩俱发,魏军大乱相失。庞涓自知智穷兵败,乃自刭,曰:「遂成竖子之名!」齐因乘胜尽破其军,虏魏太子申以归。孙膑以此名显天下,世传其兵法。

最佳答案
本回答由提问者推荐

头像
匿名用户 10级
2009-04-01 回答
魏国和赵国联合攻打韩国,韩国向齐国告急。齐国派田忌带兵去援救韩国,直奔大梁。魏国大将庞涓听到这一消息,立即撤兵离开韩国回魏国。这时齐军已经越过了魏国国境而向西进了。孙膑对田忌说:“那魏国的军队向来强悍勇猛,轻视齐国,齐军被称为是胆小的军队善于用兵的人就可根据这一情势,把战争朝着有利的方向加以引导。《孙子兵法》说:每天行军百里去争利,一定会使大将受挫折;每天行军五十里去争利,军队只有一半能到达。现在命令齐军在进入魏地的第一天造十万灶,第二天减为五万灶,第三天减为三万灶。”庞涓在齐军后面追了三天,非常高兴地说:“我本来就知道齐军怯弱,进入我国境内才三天,士兵逃亡的就超过半数了。”就丢下他的步兵,率领轻兵锐卒,日夜兼程追赶齐军。孙膑估计魏军的行程,晚上应赶到马陵。马陵道路狭窄,而且两边的地形险要,可以埋伏军队。就砍下大树的外皮露出白木质并且在上面写着:“庞涓死在这裸树下!”接着命令齐军一万名擅长射箭的弓弩手,在马陵道两边埋伏,事先和那些弩手约好说:“晚上见到燃起火把就一齐射箭。”庞涓果然夜晚到了被砍的大树下,见到树干白木上有宇,就取火把来照看。他还没有把上面的字读完,齐军就万箭齐发,魏军非常混乱,彼此失去了联系,庞涓自知智谋穷尽,军队已败,便用剑自刎。临死前说:“这样—来倒成就了这小子的名声!”齐军就乘胜追击,彻底打败了魏国的军队,俘虏魏太子申带回了齐国。孙膑因为这一仗在天下出了名,世代相传他的兵法。

最新回答 (1条回答)

2009-04-01 回答
Wei and Zhao attack South Korea, South Koreaemergency. Qi and to make the, Go straight beam. Wen Wei will be the, and go to the Han, Qi-Jun and the West has been having. Grandchildrenthat said: "He Shanxiof soldiers and Light Su-Qi, Qi No. raidedtheir potential and benefit from the introduction. The Art of War, Barry and Lee are interested will stumble, and fun fifty years benefit from the military half. so Wei Qi-Jun into the kitchen to the hundreds of thousands, 50,000 stoves for tomorrow and tomorrow for 30,000 stoves. "on the 3rd line, rejoicing, said:" I know Qi Jun solid raided my way into the three date, more than half saydead. "abandoned its Bujun is, instead of parallel light by sharp times of day. Grandchildren degrees by their deeds, to Ma-ling, when the morning. Ma-ling Road, Shaanxi, and the next stop many in distress, could ambush, chop the tree is white and said the book "died under this tree." Qi-Junwho was to make ten thousand crossbow,and V, a view said, "give the morning and see all the fire hair."fruit of the night to chop wood, see the White Paper, which is drilled on the Fire. Read his book is not complete, Qi-Jun crossbow are ten thousand hair, loss of Wei chaos.defeat, since it is cut the throat, said: "was the name into!" Let's try breaking due to exploit a victory of their army, Prince Edward Shen Wei Krupp to go. Sun Bin as the world were significant,the Art of War.