It takes some historical digging to come up with why we celebrate Halloween.

翻译中文:It takes some historical digging to come up with why we celebrate Halloween. 
by Clark Humphrey 

Most of America's big holidays have more-or-less self-explanatory purposes--to celebrate aspects of the Christian tradition, to honor the coming of the new year or the change of seasons, to remember the legacy of family members or noted historical figures. 

But Halloween doesn't seem to fit in any of those above categories. 

It takes some historical digging to come up with why we celebrate the eerie and the spooky on Oct. 31. 

One person who's done such a dig is Rosemary Ellen Guiley. According to Guiley, the origins of Halloween are a lot like the origins of Christmas and Easter as we practice them today--Ancient Roman, Catholic, and European Pagan lore, all blended together. 

The name Halloween is Scottish in origin and is short for "All Hallow's Eve," the night before "All Hallow's Day," or All Saint's Day. That day was set by Pope Boniface IV to honor the Catholic saints, and also to replace a Roman pagan festival of the dead (which had been held in late February, the end of the old Roman year). Later, Pope Gregory III changed All Saint's Day to November 1. 

By the time Christianity came to the British Isles, local folk had already been celebrating their own festival of the dead on Samhain (November 1, the Celtic new year). According to author Jack Santino in "Halloween and other Festivals of Death and Life" (University of Tennessee Press), "Many traditional beliefs and customs associated with Samhain, most notable that night was the time of the wandering dead, the practice of leaving offerings of food and drink to masked and costumed revelers, and the lighting of bonfires, continued to be practiced on 31 October." 

In other words, the Christian church incorporated local Irish, Scottish, and Welsh pagan traditions into one of its own holy days. Just as the old fertility symbols of the rabbit and the evergreen tree became parts of Easter and Christmas, so have the symbols of the end of the fall harvest season and the coming of darkness become parts of a modern western-world celebration.


SOSO用户 5级
2009-01-02 回答




一个人谁在做这样的挖掘是罗斯玛丽埃伦Guiley 。据Guiley ,起源的万圣节有很多像的起源,圣诞节,复活节,我们今天的做法-古罗马,天主教,和欧洲异教传说,所有的混合在一起。 

万圣节的名称是起源于苏格兰,是短期的“所有万圣节前夕, ”前一天晚上“所有空心节” ,或万圣节。这一天是由教皇博尼法斯四光荣的天主教圣人,也取代了罗马异教徒的节日死亡(其中一直被关押在2月下旬,结束旧的罗马一年) 。后来,教皇格里高利三改变万圣节到11月1日。 

由基督教的时间来到不列颠岛,当地民间已经庆祝自己节日的死亡Samhain ( 11月1日,凯尔特新的一年) 。据作者杰克Santino在“万圣节和其他节日的生与死” (田纳西大学出版社) , “许多传统信仰和习俗与Samhain ,最值得注意的是,晚上的时间游荡死亡,这种做法离开产品食物和饮料,以掩盖和服装的狂欢,灯光的篝火,继续实行10月31日。 “