请教关于古希腊、古罗马文化的概述(全英文)

要简短,分别来表述,概括性语言,每个200词左右,谢谢~

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2009-01-01 回答
古希腊
 Ancient Greece 
古希腊位于地中海东北部,除了现在的希腊半岛外,还包括爱琴海、马其顿、色雷斯、意大利半岛和小亚细亚等地。 Ancient Greece is located in the north-east of the Mediterranean, in addition to the existing Greek peninsula, but also including the Aegean, Macedonia, Thrace, Italy and the Asia Minor Peninsula and other places. 曲折的海岸线为希腊提供了天然良港,开放的地形使其更易接触埃及和东方的古老文明。 The twists and turns for the Greek coastline offers excellent natural harbor, an open terrain to make it easier to contact the East and Egypt's ancient civilization. 
古希腊是西方文明的摇篮,最早的居民是来自西亚的皮拉斯基人,从公元前二千年开始,印欧的阿卡亚人分批进入希腊半岛,到公元前十二世纪,居民分成伊奥利亚人,爱奥尼亚人和多利亚人三大集团,原先的居民逐渐被他们同化. Ancient Greece was the cradle of Western civilization, the earliest inhabitants came from the West Pilasiji, from the beginning of 2000 BC, the Indo-European people Arcaya in batches into the Greek peninsula, to the twelfth century BC, residents Aeolian into, Ionia Dorians and the three major groups, the original inhabitants gradually assimilate them. 
在公元前二十五世纪,这片土地诞生了欧洲最早的米诺斯文明及迈锡尼文明。 In the twenty-first century BC, the land of the birth of Europe as early as the Minoan civilization and the Mycenaean civilization. 公元前五、六世纪,形成了璀璨的希腊文明。 BC five or six centuries, formed a brilliant civilization of Greece. 
进入奴隶社会的希腊半岛,建立了200多个奴隶制泛神论的城邦国家,其中最强大的是雅典和斯巴达。 Greek slave society into the peninsula, the establishment of slavery more than 200 city-state of pantheism, which is the most powerful Athens and Sparta. 
奴隶制民主政治和神话传说为艺术的繁荣提供了精神资源, 使古希腊艺术呈现出一定的人本主义色彩。 Slavery and the myths and legends of democratic politics into an art and prosperity to the emotional resources to enable the art of ancient Greece has shown a certain degree of humanism color. 
文化的交流使其具有发达的哲学、美学和严谨的科学,它的艺术法则为古罗马艺术乃至以后的整个欧洲艺术奠定了基础。 Cultural exchanges so that it has developed the philosophy, aesthetics and rigorous science, it is the art of ancient Rome as the law of the arts, and even beyond Europe as a whole laid the foundation for the arts. 
希腊的酿酒业,榨油业,制陶业在地中海都居领先地位,造船业发达,能造三层高的快速远航船,在公元前七世纪时,很多工商业较为发达的城邦已经开始铸造货币了。 Greece's wine industry, the oil industry, the ceramics industry in the Mediterranean are leading, well-developed shipbuilding industry, to build a three-storey high fast boat voyage, in the seventh century BC, many of the more developed industrial and commercial city has already begun Casting the currency. 

最新回答 (5条回答)

小天 4级
2009-01-01 回答
古希腊
Ancient Greece 
Ancient Greece is located in the north-east of the Mediterranean, in addition to the existing Greek peninsula, but also including the Aegean, Macedonia, Thrace, Italy and the Asia Mi The twists and turns for the Greek coastline offers excellent natural harbor, an open terrain to make it easier to contact the East and Egypt's ancient civilization. 
nor Peninsula and other places
Ancient Greece was the cradle of Western civilization, the earliest inhabitants came from the West Pilasiji, from the beginning of 2000 BC, the Indo-European people Arcaya in batches into the Greek peninsula, to the twelfth century BC, residents Aeolian into, Ionia Dorians and the three major groups, the original inhabitants gradually assimilate them. 
2009-01-01 回答
Ancient Greece is located in the north-east of the Mediterranean
追寻 4级
2009-01-02 回答
Ancient Greece 
Ancient Greece is located in the north-east of the Mediterranean, in addition to the existing Greek peninsula, but also including the Aegean, Macedonia, Thrace, Italy and the Asia Mi The twists and turns for the Greek coastline offers excellent natural harbor, an open terrain to make it easier to contact the East and Egypt's ancient civilization. 
nor Peninsula and other places
Ancient Greece was the cradle of Western civilization, the earliest inhabitants came from the West Pilasiji, from the beginning of 2000 BC, the Indo-European people Arcaya in batches into the Greek peninsula, to the twelfth century BC, residents Aeolian into, Ionia Dorians and the three major groups, the original inhabitants gradually assimilate them. 
2009-01-15 回答
Ancient Roman culture of the Romans made of the World Cultural most important contribution was to preserve the Middle East, Greece and cultural achievements. The Romans to absorb its neighbors in a wide range of outstanding cultural achievements of all ethnic groups, especially the ancient Greek culture of excellence to build on the achievements, according to their social, economic and political development needs, and create their own unique culture, in order to add a new world culture内容. 
(A) legal 
In order to ensure that the territory of the Empire can be peaceful coexistence of all ethnic groups, the Romans would require them to abide by the same laws. 
The Romans developed a fair and reasonable law, given to many of the rights of citizens. Romans all laws were later incorporated into the "Justinian Code." Justinian was a Byzantine emperor. Roman has great advantages, so now the law of many countries are the basis of. 
(B) public works, architecture and art 
In order to safeguard the unity of a huge empire, the Romans need to have good roads, so its troops can be deployed quickly to mobilize. This is what the ancient Romans have become the greatest causes of road construction division. In their construction of roads, some still in use. 
Roman is also a great engineer. They built many bridges and the diversion channel, but some of them still use. Roman is a great architect. They left us such as the Arc de Triomphe, the church and public bathhouse rectangular like the architectural style. 
In Rome of all buildings, when the number of the most famous Roman amphitheater. In this huge amphitheater, the gladiators fighting was about. The theater can accommodate 45,000 people watch the performances. A large portion of the theater is still standing there. In the past many centuries, many cities around the world have been imitating the architectural style of the Romans. 
(C) Christian 
Rome also promote the spread of Christianity. If the Romans had not accepted Christianity, then, Christianity may be the Middle East will remain a marginal religion, but now it has the world's major religions. Roman Empire in the specific historical conditions, the emergence and development of Christianity, to the whole of humanity, especially the development of European culture is marked with a deep imprint. 
(D) language 
Prior to the late Middle Ages, almost all European writers use the language of the Romans - Latin, and scholars on the use of Latin until the 18th century. For a few hundred or even thousands of years, the Latin Roman Catholic Church has been the only one language. Today, the Latin alphabet is still common in the world. In Europe, there are many languages evolved from Latin, such as Italian, French, Spanish and Portuguese and so on. In English, each one in three words are derived from Latin. 
To Caesar, Cicero, as represented by Latin prose to P. Virgil, Q. Horace, P. Ovid and other man-made on behalf of the Roman poetry to T. Li, C. Tacitus, etc. man-made on behalf of the Roman historians, and scholars around the world has long been the object of study. 
(E) Science 
Is the most famous astronomer Ptolemy. In his view, the sun is the earth's rotation around the. His view is wrong, but before the 16th century, it has to be regarded as truth. 
Calendar we use today is still Rome calendar. "July" (July) and the "August" (August) month of the names of the two from Rome two great names of rulers, namely Julius Caesar and Augustus Caesar.
2015-11-14 回答
翻译希腊文化有什么看法