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While parents,particularly mothers,have always been attached to their infants, societal conditions frequently made this attachment diffcult to maintain. First of all,the high infant death rate in the premodern times meant that such attachments often ended in hopelessness. Perhaps to prevent the sadness that infant death caused,a number of societal practices developed which against early attachment of mother and child
  One of these premodern attachment-discouraging practices was to leave infants unnamed until they had survived into the second year. Another practice that discouraged maternal attachment was tightly wrapping infants. Wrapping effectively prevented the close physical interactions like stroking and kissing that are so much a part of modern mothers` and fathers` affection for their infants.

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小調 3级
2008-11-30 回答
虽然父母,特别是母亲,一直重视他们的婴儿,社会条件常常使这一附件难维持。首先,高婴儿死亡率的前现代时期意味着,这种附件往往在绝望结束。也许,以防止悲伤,婴儿死亡,一些发达国家的社会实践而对早期依恋母亲和儿童 
其中的一个前现代的附件,沮丧的做法是不具名假婴儿,直到他们幸存的第二个年头。另一种做法,劝阻母亲的依恋是紧紧包裹的婴儿。包装有效地防止了身体的密切的互动就像抚摸和亲吻是如此的一部分,现代母亲'和'父亲的感情为他们的婴儿。