While parents,particularly mothers,have always been attached to their infants, societal conditions frequently made this attachment diffcult to maintain. First of all,the high infant death rate in the premodern times meant that such attachments often ended in hopelessness. Perhaps to prevent the sadness that infant death caused,a number of societal practices developed which against early attachment of mother and child
One of these premodern attachment-discouraging practices was to leave infants unnamed until they had survived into the second year. Another practice that discouraged maternal attachment was tightly wrapping infants. Wrapping effectively prevented the close physical interactions like stroking and kissing that are so much a part of modern mothers` and fathers` affection for their infants.